The purpose of this series was to review the spectrum of sonographic and mammographic features of granular cell tumors (GCTs) of the breast and to compare their frequency relative to breast carcinoma.
Ten cases of a breast GCT diagnosed during the last 13 years were analyzed for the imaging characteristics and clinical features. Sonographic images were reviewed for location, size, echogenicity, margins, height-width ratio, and sound transmission. Mammograms were reviewed for tumor size, location, margin characteristics, spiculations, and calcifications. The frequency of GCTs was compared with that of breast carcinoma during the same study period.
Of 10 GCT cases, 9 tumors occurred in female patients, and 1 occurred in a male patient. The mean patient age was 51.8 years, and the mean lesion size was 1.57 cm. All 7 tumors visualized on sonography were hypoechoic masses. Posterior enhancement was noted in 3 of 7 cases, and posterior shadowing was noted in 2 of 7 cases. Two of 7 did not show any posterior enhancement or shadowing. Two of 7 masses were taller than wide. Of 8 tumors visualized on mammography, 5 were spiculated, and 3 were well circumscribed. Calcifications were not visualized in any tumor. During the same period, 1482 cases of breast carcinoma were diagnosed, making the frequency of GCTs of the breast about 6.7 per thousand breast carcinomas.
Granular cell tumors of the breast are rare neoplasms with a relative frequency of 6.7 per thousand breast carcinomas in our series, which was higher than reported in literature. Spiculations are a common imaging feature and mimic carcinoma when present.
"The shape of the " taller than wider " nodule, although not extensively described, has been previously mentioned in the literature where, in agreement with our work, it was found to be specific but with reduced sensitivity . In breast cancer, this concept of AP growth is widely accepted  but is less so for the thyroid. US reports of thyroid nodules often describe only one diameter, in particular, the longitudinal diameter and lack information regarding the AP or axial diameters. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective. Ultrasonographic characteristics are associated with thyroid malignancy. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic value of ultrasound features in the detection of thyroid malignancy in both solid and mixed nodules. Methods. We prospectively studied female patients (≥50 years) referred to ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy. Ultrasound features considered suspicious were hypoechogenicity, microcalcifications, irregular margins, high anteroposterior (AP)/axial-ratio, and absent halo. Associations were separately assessed in mixed and solid nodules. Results. In a group of 504 elderly female patients (age = 69 ± 8 years), the frequency of malignant cytology was 6%. Thirty-one percent of nodules were mixed and 60% were solid. The rate of malignant cytology was similar for mixed and solid nodules (7.4 versus 5.8%, P: 0.56). While in mixed nodules none of the ultrasound characteristics were associated with malignant cytology, in solid nodules irregular margins and microcalcifications were significant (all P < 0.05). The combination of irregular margins and/or microcalcifications significantly increased the association with malignant cytology only in solid nodules (OR: 2.76 (95% CI: 1.25-6.10), P: 0.012). Conclusions. Ultrasound features were of poor diagnostic value in mixed nodules, which harbored malignant lesions as often as solid nodules. Our findings challenge the recommended minimal size for ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in mixed nodules.
Journal of Thyroid Research 06/2014; 2014:761653. DOI:10.1155/2014/761653
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mammographers occasionally are surprised by the diagnosis of a rare lesion at breast biopsy. The imaging features of some breast lesions are unfamiliar because they are rarely seen in routine mammographic practice and they are not well described or well documented in the radiologic literature. Moreover, there may be wide variation in the appearances of rare breast lesions at mammography and ultrasonography (US). In addition, although a few rare breast lesions have a typical imaging appearance, most have mammographic and US features similar to those of breast carcinomas, and a needle biopsy is almost always necessary to obtain a diagnosis. However, even when a rare breast lesion is diagnosed on the basis of a needle biopsy, knowledge of the imaging features of such lesions may help the radiologist decide whether the results of pathologic analysis concur with the imaging findings and whether surgical excision is necessary. It is therefore important that radiologists be familiar with the broad spectrum of imaging features of rare breast lesions as well as with the correlation between their histopathologic features and their current classification according to the World Health Organization classification system.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This essential volume provides detailed information on all key aspects of tumor imaging with diverse sonographic techniques. In the first part, the reader will find aspects on the main issues in clinical oncology, including screening, detection, characterization and staging of malignant neoplasms, assessment of response to treatment, and follow-up. Then, the examination technique and the main findings of all ultrasound modalities (gray-scale ultrasound, spectral Doppler, color-Doppler, power-Doppler, and contrast-enhanced ultrasound) are described, with special reference to clues and pitfalls in the process of diagnosis. Subsequently all clinical scenarios where ultrasound plays a major role are described in detail. The last part of the book depicts the main US-guided, diagnostic and therapeutic modalities.Radiologists and non-radiologists performing ultrasound studies will find the book useful in their clinical practice.
Note: This list is based on the publications in our database and might not be exhaustive.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.