Article

Parent—Adolescent Relationship Education (PARE): Program Delivery to Reduce Risks for Adolescent Pregnancy and STDs

University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-1029, USA.
Behavioral Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.14). 02/2008; 33(4):137-43. DOI: 10.3200/BMED.33.4.137-144
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The first author recruited parent-adolescent dyads (N = 192) into after-school prevention education groups at middle schools in southeast Texas. This author placed participants in either (1) an Interactive Program (IP) in which they roleplayed, practiced resistance skills, and held parent-child discussions or (2) an Attention Control Program (ACP) that used the same curriculum but was delivered in a traditional, didactic format. Questionnaires administered at the beginning and end of the 4-session program and again after booster sessions in 3 subsequent semesters provided measures of social controls (eg, communication with parents) and self controls (eg, protection against risk) on the youths' sexual health behaviors. Linear mixed models adjusted for gender, age, and ethnicity showed that the IP, in comparison with the ACP, achieved significant gains in social control by increasing parental rules about having sex and other risky behaviors and also enhanced students' self-control by increasing their knowledge about prevention and enhancing resistance responses when pressured to have sex.

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    • "The studies included samples that were ethnically and socioeconomically diverse and were adequately powered for their outcomes. Anderson et al. (1999) and Grey et al. (2004) randomized the schools; Lederman et al. (2008) randomized consented dyads; and although intending to randomize families as they consented to participate, Riesch et al. (1993) allocated families to intervention or comparison based on families' availability to attend the intervention sessions. Measures, typically, were well established with confirmed reliability and validity. "
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