Team sports for overweight children: the Stanford Sports to Prevent Obesity Randomized Trial (SPORT).

Division of General Pediatrics and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, 211 Quarry Rd, Hoover Pavilion, Room N032, Stanford, CA 94305-5705, USA.
JAMA Pediatrics (Impact Factor: 4.25). 04/2008; 162(3):232-7. DOI: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2007.43
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an after-school team sports program for reducing weight gain in low-income overweight children.
Six-month, 2-arm, parallel-group, pilot randomized controlled trial.
Low-income, racial/ethnic minority community.
Twenty-one children in grades 4 and 5 with a body mass index at or above the 85th percentile.
The treatment intervention consisted of an after-school soccer program. The "active placebo" control intervention consisted of an after-school health education program.
Implementation, acceptability, body mass index, physical activity measured using accelerometers, reported television and other screen time, self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and weight concerns.
All 21 children completed the study. Compared with children receiving health education, children in the soccer group had significant decreases in body mass index z scores at 3 and 6 months and significant increases in total daily, moderate, and vigorous physical activity at 3 months.
An after-school team soccer program for overweight children can be a feasible, acceptable, and efficacious intervention for weight control.

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