Expression change of beta-1,4 galactosyltransferase I, V mRNAs and Galbeta1,4GlcNAc group in rat sciatic nerve after crush.
ABSTRACT Glycosylation is one of the most important post-translational modifications. It is clear that the single step of beta-1,4-galactosylation is performed by a family of beta-1,4-galactosyltransferases (beta-1,4-GalTs), and that each member of this family may play a distinct role in different tissues and cells. beta-1,4-GalT I and V are involved in the biosynthesis of N-linked oligosaccharides. In the present study, Real-time PCR revealed that the beta-1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs reached peaks at 2 w after sciatic nerve crush. In situ hybridization showed that at 1 d after sciatic nerve crush, the expression levels of beta-1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs were strong at the crush site, and decreased gradually from crush site to the distal segments. In addition, combined in situ hybridization for beta1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs and immunohistochemistry for S100 showed that beta1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs were mainly located in Schwann cells. Lectin blot showed that the expression of Galbeta1,4GlcNAc group increased at 6 h immediately, reached a peak at 12 h and remained elevated up to 4 w after sciatic nerve crush. In conclusion, beta1,4-GalT I and V might play important roles in the regeneration of the injured sciatic nerve, and upregulation of Galbeta1,4GlcNAc group might be correlated with the process of the sciatic nerve injury.
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ABSTRACT: Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a water-soluble, anionic, quinonoid substance that has been established as an essential nutrient in animals. Owing to the inherent properties of PQQ as an antioxidant and redox modulator in various systems, PQQ is expected to be used in pharmacological applications in the near future. Although many recent studies have investigated its neuroprotective effects, the effect of PQQ on traumatic brain injury (TBI) has not been examined. In this study we employed Morris water maze (MWM) training, the results of which showed that PQQ led to improved behavioral performance in post-TBI animals. Considering that many experiments have suggested that β-1,4-galactosyltransferase I (β-1,4-GalT-I) and -V play significant roles in inflammation and the nervous system, in the present study we used Western blot analysis to study the effect of PQQ on the expression of β-1,4-GalT-I and -V. We found apparent expression upregulation of β-1,4-GalT-I and -V after PQQ was systemically administered. Lectin-fluorescent staining with RCA-I also revealed that PQQ contributed to expression upregulation of the galactosidase β-1 (Gal β-1), 4-galactosyltransferase N-acylsphingosine (4-GlcNAc) group in microglia and neurons of the cortex and hippocampal CA2 region. In summary, our experiment established that PQQ may play an important role in recovery post-TBI.Journal of neurotrauma 12/2011; 29(5):851-64. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Gem belongs to the Rad/Gem/Kir subfamily of Ras-related GTPases, whose expression is induced in several cell types upon activation by extracellular stimuli. Two functions of Gem have been demonstrated, including regulation of voltage-gated calcium channel activity and inhibition of Rho kinase-mediated cytoskeletal reorganization, such as stress fiber formation and neurite retraction. Because of the essential relationship between actin reorganization and peripheral nerve regeneration, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression of Gem in a rat sciatic nerve crush (SNC) model. After never injury, we observed that Gem had a significant up-regulation from 1 day, peaked at day 5 and then gradually decreased to the normal level. At its peak expression, Gem expressed mainly in Schwann cells (SCs) and macrophages of the distal sciatic nerve segment, but had few colocalization in axons. In addition, the peak expression of Gem was in parallel with PCNA, and numerous SCs expressing Gem were PCNA positive. Thus, all of our findings suggested that Gem may be involved in the pathophysiology of sciatic nerve after SNC.Journal of molecular histology 10/2012; · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Adenylate cyclase-associated protein 1 (CAP1), a member of cyclase-associated proteins that regulating actin dynamics, was shown to regulate actin filaments, localize to dynamic actin structures and mediate such processes as establishment of cell polarity, motility, morphogenesis, receptor-mediated endocytosis and mRNA location. But little is known about the role of CAP1 during peripheral nervous system injury. Here, we found the spatiotemporal protein expression of CAP1 after sciatic nerve crush. After crush, CAP1 had an increased protein expression level, reached a peak at about day 5 and then returned to the normal level at 4 weeks, similar to Oct-6. Besides, in 5-day injured tissue, using double immunofluorescent staining we found CAP1 had a colocalization with S100 and Oct-6. In vitro, during the process of cAMP-induced Schwann cells differentiation, we observed enhanced expression of CAP1 and P0. Specially, CAP1-specific siRNA-tranfected SCs did not show significant actin structure which form cellure surface tension and protrusion shape after cAMP treatment. And we observed the interaction of CAP1 with actin and that CAP1-specific siRNA-transfected SCs had a decreased motility and migration. Together, all these data indicated that the change of CAP1 protein expression was associated with Schwann cells motility and differentiation after the crush of sciatic nerve.Journal of molecular histology 11/2013; · 1.75 Impact Factor