Expression change of beta-1,4 galactosyltransferase I, V mRNAs and Galbeta1,4GlcNAc group in rat sciatic nerve after crush.

Laboratory of Aging and Nervous Diseases & Cytoneurobiology Unit, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, PR China.
Journal of Molecular Histology (Impact Factor: 1.55). 07/2008; 39(3):317-28. DOI: 10.1007/s10735-008-9168-z
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Glycosylation is one of the most important post-translational modifications. It is clear that the single step of beta-1,4-galactosylation is performed by a family of beta-1,4-galactosyltransferases (beta-1,4-GalTs), and that each member of this family may play a distinct role in different tissues and cells. beta-1,4-GalT I and V are involved in the biosynthesis of N-linked oligosaccharides. In the present study, Real-time PCR revealed that the beta-1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs reached peaks at 2 w after sciatic nerve crush. In situ hybridization showed that at 1 d after sciatic nerve crush, the expression levels of beta-1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs were strong at the crush site, and decreased gradually from crush site to the distal segments. In addition, combined in situ hybridization for beta1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs and immunohistochemistry for S100 showed that beta1,4-GalT I and V mRNAs were mainly located in Schwann cells. Lectin blot showed that the expression of Galbeta1,4GlcNAc group increased at 6 h immediately, reached a peak at 12 h and remained elevated up to 4 w after sciatic nerve crush. In conclusion, beta1,4-GalT I and V might play important roles in the regeneration of the injured sciatic nerve, and upregulation of Galbeta1,4GlcNAc group might be correlated with the process of the sciatic nerve injury.

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