Superoxidase dismutase (SOD) topical use in oncologic patients: treatment of acute cutaneous toxicity secondary to radiotherapy.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of SOD applied topically in oncologic patients affected by acute radiodermatitis.
This study includes 57 patients who showed a dermatitis grade 2 or superior; they were administered SOD ointment b.i.d. (40 mg, weekly) and follow-up continued for 12 weeks.
At the end of radiotherapy, 77.1% of the patients ameliorated completely or partially, and at the end of the 12-week period 100% of patients were free of toxicity. No acute toxicity relapses were reported. Response time reduced during radiotherapy, as well as the treatment time at the end of it.
The employment of SOD topically is efficient in the treatment of radiodermatitis, which is an acute side effect of radiotherapy.
- SourceAvailable from: Joe M MccordJournal of Biological Chemistry 12/1969; 244(22):6049-55. · 4.65 Impact Factor
- Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology. Supplementum 02/1980; 55:219-24.
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ABSTRACT: Fibrosis following breast radiotherapy for mammary cancer is a frequent undesired effect with objective (esthetic) and subjective (pain) consequences. Forty-four patients with clinical radiofibrosis following conservative treatment of breast cancer were evaluated for the local antifibrosis effect of copper zinc superoxide dismutase [SOD(Cu/Zn)]. Extracted SOD(Cu/Zn) in a concentration of 3,600 units/mg was applied as ointment to the fibrotic affected area, b.i.d. for 90 days, in a total dose of 40 mg. The radiofibrosis intensity was scored on the basis of clinical criteria (pain and the fibrosis area) before and after SOD(Cu/Zn) treatment. SOD(Cu/Zn) was found to be effective in reducing radiation induced fibrosis by a lowering pain score in 36/39 patients and a decrease of the fibrotic area size in half cases, after 6 months. The intensity and changes of breast fibrosis were assessed also by mammography and, for the topographical distribution of subcutaneous temperature, by infrared thermography. Mammography density suggested decreased fibrosis in one third of patients. Thermography showed that fibrosis was accompanied by two zones clinically indistinctive: a central area with maximum thermal activity, called "Maximal Thermic zone" (MTZ) and a peripheral area with less thermal activity but higher than in the surrounding normal tissue, "Transitional Thermic Zone" (TTZ). Both MTZ and TTZ were significantly decreased in 36/44 patients after SOD(Cu/Zn) treatment. Clinical changes persisted all along the study. Treatment was well tolerated except for one case of local allergic reaction, and no important side effects. Molecular mechanisms involved are discussed. Further studies are running to confirm and explain these results.Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 01/2004; 8(1):109-16. · 4.75 Impact Factor