Parkinsonism associated with the homozygous W748S mutation in the POLG1 gene

Department of Neurology, University of Oulu, Box 5000, FIN-90014, Oulu, Finland.
Parkinsonism & Related Disorders (Impact Factor: 4.13). 04/2008; 14(8):652-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2008.01.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Parkinsonism has been described in patients with mutations in POLG1 gene. The W748S mutation is one of the most common mutations in this gene and it has been found to be a frequent cause of autosomal recessive ataxia in adults and the Alpers syndrome in children. We found the W748S mutation in a 65-year-old man with a late-onset syndrome consisting of ataxia, parkinsonism, ophthalmoplegia, peripheral neuropathy, and sensorineural hearing loss. Parkinsonism is one of the phenotypic features associated also with the W748S mutation.


Available from: Heidi K Soini, Oct 14, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Polymerase γ (POLG) is the enzyme responsible for the replication and maintenance of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Mutations in the POLG1 gene can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, producing a wide range of neurological and non-neurological phenotypes. Neurological manifestations include ataxia, muscular weakness, epilepsy, progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), ptosis, neuropathy, psychiatric disorders and, more rarely, parkinsonism. We present the case of an 80-year old female patient with a history of PEO, ptosis, childish behaviour, obsessive disorder, cognitive decline, and parkinsonism. A comprehensive study showed striatal dopamine deficiency on DaT Scan and ragged red fibres as evidenced by Gomori staining in a biopsy of the biceps brachii. Multiple deletions of mtDNA were detected, and sequencing of the POLG1 gene identified a novel substitution, 2834A>T, in exon 18, changing the p.His945Leu amino acid. In silico analysis using PolyPhen-2 ( predicted that this change is probably damaging, with a score of 1.0 (0-1). Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) has been reported in idiopathic and hereditary forms of parkinsonism but the pathogenic mechanisms are unclear and likely heterogeneous. Levodopa-induced vitamin B12 deficiency has been discussed as a causal factor of PN in idiopathic Parkinson's disease, but peripheral nervous system involvement might also be a consequence of the underlying neurodegenerative process. Occurrence of PN with parkinsonism has been associated with a panel of mitochondrial cytopathies, more frequently related to a nuclear gene defect and mainly polymerase gamma (POLG1) gene. Parkin (PARK2) gene mutations are responsible for juvenile parkinsonism, and possible peripheral nervous system involvement has been reported. Rarely, an association of parkinsonism with PN may be encountered in other neurodegenerative diseases such as fragile X-associated tremor and ataxia syndrome related to premutation CGG repeat expansion in the fragile X mental retardation (FMR1) gene, Machado-Joseph disease related to an abnormal CAG repeat expansion in ataxin-3 (ATXN3) gene, Kufor-Rakeb syndrome caused by mutations in ATP13A2 gene, or in hereditary systemic disorders such as Gaucher disease due to mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene and Chediak- Higashi syndrome due to LYST gene mutations. This article reviews conditions in which PN may coexist with parkinsonism.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO) is an eye movement disorder characterised by paresis of the extra ocular muscles and muscle restricted multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions. Classification of patients is particularly difficult due to overlapping phenotypes and a poor genotype-phenotype relationship. Despite the identification of several nuclear encoded genes causing PEO, over half of patients with clinically confirmed PEO do not have a genetic diagnosis. Objective: To systematically review genotypic and phenotypic correlates of published cases of adult-onset PEO. Methods: Patients were identified from interrogation of articles from Scopus, Medline via PubMed, and Genetic Abstracts databases using electronic searches (1st January 1970 to 8th November 2013). Reference lists and UniProt entries were also manually checked for additional articles. Results: Twelve nuclear encoded genes were identified (TYMP, SLC25A4, POLG, C10ORF2, OPA1, POLG2, RRM2B, TK2, DGUOK, MPV17, MGME1, and DNA2) systematically from 583 patients. At the time of writing, mutations in SPG7 and AFG3L2 genes were reported to be associated with ophthalmoparesis and multiple mtDNA deletions in fourteen additional adult-onset PEO patients, bringing the total number of known genes to fourteen. Conclusions: Diagnostic yield is still critically dependent on the meticulous clinical and biochemical characterisation of patients. Understanding the intimate relationship between genotype and phenotype remains a fundamental challenge. The results of this systematic review provide guidance to both patients and clinician about future prognosis, and will serve, in future, to assess methods of disease prevention and evaluation of targeted therapeutic strategies.