Article

Predictors and outcomes of intraprocedural rupture in patients treated for ruptured intracranial aneurysms the CARAT study

Department of Neurology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0114, USA.
Stroke (Impact Factor: 6.02). 06/2008; 39(5):1501-6. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.504670
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intraprocedural rupture (IPR) is a well known complication of intracranial aneurysm treatment. Risks and predictors of IPR and its impact on outcome have not been clearly established.
Potential predictors of IPR were evaluated in patients treated in the Cerebral Aneurysm Rerupture After Treatment (CARAT) study using multivariate logistic regression with stepwise elimination stratified by treatment modality. Periprocedural death or disability was defined as death or a change of >or=2 points on the Modified Rankin Scale at discharge compared to before treatment.
IPR occurred in 14.6% of 1010 patients (299 coiled, 711 clipped): 19% with clipping and 5% with coiling (P<0.001). Among those clipped, 31% with IPR had periprocedural death or disability compared to 18% without IPR (P=0.001); among those coiled, 63% with IPR had periprocedural death or disability compared to 15% without IPR (P<0.001). Overall, coronary artery disease and initial lower Hunt and Hess Grade were independent predictors of IPR. For those undergoing coiling, independent predictors of IPR were Asian race, black race, COPD, and lower initial Hunt and Hess Grade. Among those undergoing clipping, hyperlipidemia and lower initial Hunt and Hess Grade were both independent predictors of IPR.
IPR was common in patients undergoing treatment of ruptured aneurysms, particularly with surgical clipping. The frequency of IPR with new disability was similar in the surgical and endovascular treatment groups. Coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, race, COPD, and lower Hunt and Hess Grade were associated with greater risk of IPR, which may reflect differences in vessel fragility but requires further confirmation.

0 Followers
 · 
88 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Object The endovascular treatment of wide-necked aneurysms can be technically challenging due to distal coil migration or impingement of the parent vessel. In this paper, the authors illustrate an alternative method for the treatment of wide-necked intracranial aneurysms using a dual microcatheter technique. Methods The authors' first 100 consecutive patients who underwent coil embolization of a wide-necked aneurysm using a dual microcatheter technique are reported. With this technique, 2 microcatheters are used to introduce coils into the aneurysm. The coils are deployed either sequentially or concurrently to form a stable construct and prevent coil herniation or migration. Angiographic and clinical outcomes are reported. Results The technical success rate of the dual microcatheter technique is 91% with a morbidity and mortality of 1% and 2%, respectively. Clinical outcomes are excellent with 93% of patients demonstrating a modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2 at long-term follow-up regardless of their score at presentation. Retreatment rates are 18%. Conclusions The dual microcatheter technique may be a safe and efficacious first line of treatment for widenecked aneurysms.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 08/2014; 121(5):1-9. DOI:10.3171/2014.7.JNS132237 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Cognitive dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been attributable to presence of subarachnoid blood, hydrocephalus (HCP), cerebral edema, vasospasm, and temporary clipping of intracranial aneurysm. Provision of neuroprotection during temporary clipping may improve postoperative cognition in such patients. Materials and Methods: Good-grade aneurysmal SAH patients undergoing temporary clipping during surgery were allocated either to group C (control) or group P (propofol). Patients in group P received propofol in titrated doses to attain a burst suppression ratio of 75 ± 5% on bispectral index (BIS) monitor. The cognitive function as assessed by Hindi-language modification of mini-mental state examination (HMSE) score was evaluated preoperatively, 24 h after surgery, and at discharge from hospital. A score of ≤23 was indicative of cognitive dysfunction. Perioperative complications, duration of intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay, and outcome at discharge were noted. Results: A total of 66 patients (32 and 34 in group C and P respectively) were included in the study. 97% of the patients had anterior circulation aneurysms. At 24 h after surgery, eight and 12 patients in group C and P respectively; and at discharge, five patients in each group had cognitive dysfunction. In both groups, the trend showed a decline in cognition at 24 h followed by improvement at discharge. Glasgow outcome score in both the groups was comparable (P > 0.05). Intraoperative brain bulge, postoperative vasospasm, and cerebral infarction were found to be independent risk factors for cognitive dysfunction. Conclusions: Pharmacologic neuroprotection with propofol at the time of temporary clipping during surgery for aneurysmal SAH did not offer any advantage as far as preservation of cognition is concerned.
    Neurology India 05/2014; 62(3):262-8. DOI:10.4103/0028-3886.136908 · 1.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We reviewed the feasibility, safety and efficacy as well as the clinical outcome and long-term angiographic results of endovascular treatment (EVT) of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms. A total of 429 ACoA aneurysms in 426 patients were treated using coil embolization between March 1996 and October 2010 in a single institution. Pretreatment aneurysmal features were checked using angiogram. We had usually used tailored steam shaped microcatheter according to individual angiographic architectures. Immediate postembolization outcomes were evaluated using an angiographic outcome scale and clinical evaluation was performed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Postembolization angiograms demonstrated total occlusion of aneurysm in 290 of 429 (67.6%) aneurysms, neck remnant in 80 (18.6%) and body filling in 59 (13.8%). Dome direction and aneurysm angle was not associated with initial angiographic outcomes. The procedure-related morbidity rate was 0.9% (4 of 429). Clinical and imaging follow-up more than 6 months were available in 382 (89.0%) patients with a mean of 26.2 months. Overall rate of major recanalization was 7.9% (30 of 382) and all of them were retreated without complications. At the last follow-up, 233 (99.2%) of 235 patients had GOS of 5 in unruptured group, and 152 (79.5%) of 191 patients showed good clinical outcomes (GOS of 4 or 5) in ruptured group. Tailored steam shaping of the microcatheter is vital to achieve good angiographic outcomes regardless of aneurysmal direction. EVT is feasible and safe for most ACoA aneurysms with acceptable immediate and long-term outcomes.
    Radiological Society of North America 2011 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting; 12/2011

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
0 Downloads
Available from
Feb 5, 2015