Light-scattering microscope

Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.
Applied Optics (Impact Factor: 1.69). 08/1999; 38(19):4151-7. DOI: 10.1364/AO.38.004151
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We demonstrate a new design for a light-scattering microscope that is convenient to use and that allows simultaneous imaging and light scattering. The design is motivated by the growing use of thermal fluctuations to probe the viscoelastic properties of complex inhomogeneous environments. We demonstrate measurements of an optically nonergodic sample, one of the most challenging light-scattering applications.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a theoretical framework for field-based dynamic light scattering microscopy based on a spectral-domain optical coherence phase microscopy (SD-OCPM) platform. SD-OCPM is an interferometric microscope capable of quantitative measurement of amplitude and phase of scattered light with high phase stability. Field-based dynamic light scattering (F-DLS) analysis allows for direct evaluation of complex-valued field autocorrelation function and measurement of localized diffusive and directional dynamic properties of biological and material samples with high spatial resolution. In order to gain insight into the information provided by F-DLS microscopy, theoretical and numerical analyses are performed to evaluate the effect of numerical aperture of the imaging optics. We demonstrate that sharp focusing of fields affects the measured diffusive and transport velocity, which leads to smaller values for the dynamic properties in the sample. An approach for accurately determining the dynamic properties of the samples is discussed.
    Applied Optics 11/2013; 52(31):7618-28. DOI:10.1364/AO.52.007618 · 1.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We introduce a new technique for probing the microscopic relaxation of magneto-viscoelastic materials consisting of magnetic particles embedded in a natural rubber matrix. Transversely coherent x-rays from a high brilliance synchrotron source are scattered by the magnetic particles, forming a speckle pattern at low scattering angles. The time dependence of this pattern is recorded with a CCD area detector while the sample is cyclically perturbed by a reversal of the magnetic field direction. The corresponding time-resolved scattering pattern probes both the dynamics of the particles and the relaxation of the matrix in which they are embedded. X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) reveals characteristic time scales for this relaxation by applying the intensity auto-correlation function to the time dependent speckle pattern. For low angle scattering, the wave vector dependence of the relaxation rate exhibits power law length scaling.
    International Journal of Modern Physics B 01/2012; 16(17n18). DOI:10.1142/S0217979202012463 · 0.46 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Soft matter is studied with a large portfolio of methods. Light scattering and video microscopy are the most employed at optical wavelengths. Light scattering provides ensemble-averaged information on soft matter in the reciprocal space. The wave-vectors probed correspond to length scales ranging from a few nanometers to fractions of millimetre. Microscopy probes the sample directly in the real space, by offering a unique access to the local properties. However, optical resolution issues limit the access to length scales smaller than approximately 200 nm. We describe recent work that bridges the gap between scattering and microscopy. Several apparently unrelated techniques are found to share a simple basic idea: the correlation properties of the sample can be characterized in the reciprocal space via spatial Fourier analysis of images collected in the real space. We describe the main features of such digital Fourier microscopy (DFM), by providing examples of several possible experimental implementations of it, some of which not yet realized in practice. We also provide an overview of experimental results obtained with DFM for the study of the dynamics of soft materials. Finally, we outline possible future developments of DFM that would ease its adoption as a standard laboratory method.
    Journal of optics 08/2014; 16(8):083001. DOI:10.1088/2040-8978/16/8/083001 · 2.01 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 2, 2014