Telemonitoring of heart failure patients and their caregivers: a pilot randomized controlled trial.
ABSTRACT Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of rehospitalization in older adults. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine whether telemonitoring by an advanced practice nurse reduced subsequent hospital readmissions, emergency department visits, costs, and risk of hospital readmission for patients with HF. One hundred two patient/caregiver dyads were randomized into 2 groups postdischarge; 84 dyads completed the study. Hospital readmissions, emergency department visits, costs, and days to readmission were abstracted from medical records. Participants were interviewed soon after discharge and 3 months later about effects of telemonitoring on depressive symptoms, quality of life, and caregiver mastery. There were no significant differences due to telemonitoring for any outcomes. Caregiver mastery, informal social support, and electronic home monitoring were not significant predictors for risk of hospital readmission. Further studies should address the interaction between the advanced practice nurse and follow-up intervention with telemonitoring of patients with HF to better target those who are most likely to benefit.
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ABSTRACT: To provide an overview of factors related to quality of life and symptoms of depression in heart failure patients and their partners. Furthermore, to give an overview of interventions that can be effective in improving their quality of life and decrease depressive symptoms. Quality of life of patients with heart failure and their partners is poor compared with their age-matched peers from the general population and also compared with patients suffering from other chronic diseases. Furthermore, many heart failure patients are depressed. Depressive symptoms of patients and of their partners seem to be interrelated, making interventions complicated but needed. Although the number of studies that specifically target improvement of quality of life and depression in heart failure patients and their partners is still small, several interventions are known to improve quality of life, and these could be implemented in daily care. This review considers demographic and clinical factors that are related to quality of life and depressive symptoms and addresses interventions that can contribute to improvement of quality of life of heart failure patients and their partners and decrease depressive symptoms. Education on self-care management and physical exercise are important elements of disease management programs. A multidisciplinary care approach including optimizing medical therapy and optimal symptom management is advised, focusing both on the patient and the caregiver. Treatment and care should not only focus on heart failure, but also address the consequences of co-morbidities and the side-effects of therapies.Current opinion in supportive and palliative care 10/2010; 4(4):233-7.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:: The family caregivers of patients with heart failure (HF) report burden and poor quality of life, but little is known about changes in their perceptions over time. OBJECTIVES:: The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate changes in caregiver burden (perceived time spent and difficulty with caregiving tasks), perceived control, depressive symptoms, anxiety, perceived life changes, and physical and emotional health-related quality of life; (2) to determine differences in perceptions between caregivers of patients with low HF symptoms (New York Heart Association class I and II) and caregivers of patients with high HF symptoms (New York Heart Association class III and IV); and (3) to the estimate time spent performing caregiving tasks. METHODS:: Sixty-three HF patients and 63 family caregivers were enrolled; 53 caregivers completed the longitudinal study. Data were collected from medical records and interviews conducted by advanced practice nurses at baseline and 4 and 8 months later. RESULTS:: Caregivers who completed the study had significant improvements in perceived time spent on and difficulty of caregiving tasks from baseline to 4 and 8 months, and depressive symptoms decreased from baseline to 8 months. Perceived life changes resulting from caregiving became more positive from baseline to 4 and 8 months. Perceived control, anxiety, and health-related quality of life did not change. Compared with caregivers of patients with low symptoms, caregivers of patients with high symptoms perceived that they spent more time on tasks and that tasks were more difficult, had higher anxiety, and had poorer physical health-related quality of life. Estimated time in hours spent providing care was high. CONCLUSIONS:: In this sample, perceptions of the caregiving experience improved over 8 months. Health-related quality of life was moderately poor over the 8 months. Caregivers of patients with more severe HF symptoms may be particularly in need of interventions to reduce time and difficulty of caregiving tasks and improve physical health-related quality of life.The Journal of cardiovascular nursing 06/2012; · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Chronic disease has become an increasingly important issue for individuals and healthcare organizations across Canada. Home telehealth may have the potential to alleviate the economic and social challenges associated with rising rates of chronic disease. An aim of this review was to gather and synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of home telehealth in chronic disease management. Materials and Methods: We searched the Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and PAIS databases for studies published in English from January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2010. Academic publications, white papers, and gray literature were all considered eligible for inclusion, provided an original research element was present. Articles were screened for relevance. Results: One hundred one articles on quantitative or mixed-methods studies reported the effects of home telehealth on disease state, symptoms, and quality of life in chronic disease patients. Studies were consistent in finding that home telehealth was equivalent or superior to usual care. Conclusions: The literature strongly supports the use of home telehealth as an equally effective alternative to usual care. The circumstances under which home telehealth emerges as significantly better than usual care have not been extensively researched. Further research into factors affecting the effectiveness of home telehealth would support more widespread realization of telehealth's potential benefits.Telemedicine and e-Health 04/2014; 20(4):346-80. · 1.40 Impact Factor