Binding parameters and thermodynamics of the interaction of imino sugars with a recombinant human acid α-glucosidase (alglucosidase alfa): Insight into the complex formation mechanism
ABSTRACT Recently, enzyme enhancement therapy (EET) for Pompe disease involving imino sugars, which act as potential inhibitors of acid alpha-glucosidases in vitro, to improve the stability and/or transportation of mutant acid alpha-glucosidases in cells was studied and attracted interest. However, the mechanism underlying the molecular interaction between the imino sugars and the enzyme has not been clarified yet.
We examined the inhibitory and binding effects of four imino sugars on a recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase, alglucosidase alfa, by means of inhibition assaying and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). Furthermore, we built structural models of complexes of the catalytic domain of the enzyme with the imino sugars bound to its active site by homology modeling, and examined the molecular interaction between them.
All of the imino sugars examined exhibited a competitive inhibitory action against the enzyme, 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) exhibiting the strongest action among them. ITC revealed that one compound molecule binds to one enzyme molecule and that DNJ most strongly binds to the enzyme among them. Structural analysis revealed that the active site of the enzyme is almost completely occupied by DNJ.
These biochemical and structural analyses increased our understanding of the molecular interaction between a human acid alpha-glucosidase and imino sugars.
SourceAvailable from: Mats I Nilsson[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise may be used in conjunction with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) to attenuate cardiovascular deconditioning, skeletal muscle wasting, and loss of motor function in Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease type II; GSDII), but the effects on lysosomal glycogen content and macroautophagy have not been defined to date. PURPOSE: The main objectives of this study were to determine if acute aerobic exercise enhances 24-h uptake of recombinant human enzyme (rhGAA; Myozyme® [aim 1]) and if endurance training improves disease pathology when combined with ERT [aim 2] in Pompe mice. METHODS: For the first aim in our study, Pompe mutant mice (6(neo)/6(neo)) were grouped into ERT (Myozyme® injection only [40mg/kg]) and ERT+EX (Myozyme® injection followed by 90min treadmill exercise) cohorts, and enzyme uptake was assessed in the heart and quadriceps 24h post injection. For the second aim of our study, mutant mice were randomized into control, endurance-trained, enzyme-treated, or combination therapy groups. Exercised animals underwent 14weeks of progressive treadmill training with or without biweekly Myozyme® injections (40mg/kg) and tissues were harvested 1week post last treatment. RESULTS: Myozyme® uptake (GAA activity) was not improved in ERT+EX over ERT alone at 24-h post injection. Endurance exercise training, with or without ERT, improved aerobic capacity and normalized grip strength, motor function, and lean mass (P<0.05), but did not reduce glycogen content or normalize macroautophagy beyond traditional enzyme replacement therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Endurance training is beneficial as an adjunctive therapy to ERT in Pompe disease, although it works by mechanisms independent of a reduction in glycogen content.Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 09/2012; 107(3). DOI:10.1016/j.ymgme.2012.09.010 · 2.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Acid α-glucosidase (GAA) is a lysosomal enzyme and a pharmacological target for Pompe disease, an inherited lysosomal storage disorder (LSD). An emerging treatment for LSDs is the use of pharmacological chaperones, small molecules that enhance total cellular activity of the target lysosomal protein. We have systematically studied thirteen inhibitors, which provide good lead compounds for the development of GAA chaperones. We have verified binding on GAA at low and neutral pH, mapping the range of pH during transport to lysosomes. These ligands inhibit GAA competitively and reversibly, and a few of the compounds show higher molecular stabilisation capacity than would be expected from their binding affinity. These molecules also increase lysosomal localisation of GAA variants in cells. In order to understand the specific molecular mechanism of the interactions, we docked the compounds to a homology model of the human GAA. Three factors contribute to the tightness of binding. Firstly, well-positioned hydroxy groups are essential to orient the ligand and make the binding specific. Secondly, the open nature of the GAA active site allows both large and small ligands to bind. The third and most important binding determinant is the positive charge on the ligand, which is neutralised by Asp 518 or Asp 616 on GAA. Our study creates a firm basis for the design of drugs to treat Pompe disease, as it provides a comparable study of the ligand properties. Our analysis suggests a useful drug design framework for specific pharmacological chaperones for human GAA.ChemMedChem 11/2012; 7(11). DOI:10.1002/cmdc.201200309 · 3.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Several members of a new family of non-sugar-type α-glycosidase inhibitors, bearing a 5-(p-toluenesulfonylamino)phthalimide moiety and various substituent at the N2 position, were synthesized and their activities were investigated. The newly synthesized compounds displayed different inhibition profile towards yeast α-glycosidase and rat intestinal α-glycosidase. Almost all the compounds had strong inhibitory activities against yeast α-glycosidase. Regarding rat intestinal α-glycosidase, only analogs with N2-aromatic substituents displayed varying degrees of inhibitory activities on rat intestinal maltase and lactase and nearly all compounds showed no inhibition against rat intestinal α-amylase. Structure-activity relationship studies indicated that 5-(p-toluenesulfonylamino)phthalimide moiety is a favorable scaffold to exert the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and substituents at the N2 position have considerable influence on the efficacy of the inhibition activities.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2013; 23(7). DOI:10.1016/j.bmcl.2013.02.011 · 2.33 Impact Factor