Prevalence and correlates of indoor tanning among US adults

Division of Population Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 5). 06/2008; 58(5):769-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2008.01.020
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Little is known about the prevalence of indoor tanning among the US general adult population.
This study sought to: (1) describe the prevalence of indoor tanning throughout adulthood; (2) identify demographic and psychosocial correlates of indoor tanning; and (3) determine whether these correlates vary by age group.
This study used data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey, an annual health survey of the US adult population.
Indoor tanning rates were higher among individuals who were young, white, and female. Rates of indoor tanning in the last year varied from 20.4% for those aged 18 to 29 years to 7.8% for those aged 65 years and older. A variety of demographic, health, and behavioral health risk factors correlated with indoor tanning.
The study design was cross-sectional and all data were self-reported.
Health care providers should address indoor tanning as a health risk factor across the lifespan.

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: To explore tanning behaviors and whether a discrepancy between current and ideal skin tones exists. Participants: The sample included 78 Caucasian women from a mid-sized, Midwestern university. Methods: Data were collected in spring 2012 via a paper questionnaire. Results: Sixty-two percent of the sample regularly engaged in salon tanning at least once per week, with an average frequency of 2.5 visits per week. Thirteen percent endorsed regularly tanning four or more times per week and 26% reported visiting a tanning bed more than once in a 24-hour period. Ninety-four percent wished their current skin tone was darker, and ideal tone was significantly darker than current tone. Conclusions: The data suggest that the young Caucasian women in this sample tend to be dissatisfied with their current skin tone to an extent that leads the majority of them to engage in risky, potentially cancer-causing behavior by either salon tanning or considering tanning in the future as time and finances become available.
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    BMC Public Health 12/2015; 15(169). DOI:10.1186/s12889-015-1511-1 · 2.32 Impact Factor

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