Article

Evaluation of Traps and Lures for Mass Trapping of Mediterranean Fruit Fly in Citrus Groves

Centro de Ecología Quimica Agrícola, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain.
Journal of Economic Entomology (Impact Factor: 1.61). 03/2008; 101(1):126-31. DOI: 10.1603/0022-0493(2008)101[126:EOTALF]2.0.CO;2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mass trapping has proven to be a powerful weapon in the control of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), and its application in Mediterranean countries has currently increased notably as a control method. In this study, the efficacy of newly developed traps and dispensers of attractants were assessed with the aim of finding the best trap and set the lifetime of the dispensers, thus improving the total efficacy of mass trapping. Efficacy trials with six different types of traps and six different types of female dispensers were carried out. Moreover, the lifetime of three female dispensers, including a new attractant composition dispenser with n-methyl pyrrolidine, were studied. Results show significant differences among the trap types using female attractants, with an advantage of nearly 3 times more catches in best trap. Tested female dispensers showed no significant differences in efficacy between trimethylamine and putrescine attractants regard n-methyl pyrrolidine, however we observed differences in lifetime between dispensers. Thus, there are significant differences among different types of traps and dispensers in efficacy, and the appropriate selection of the trap and dispenser will improve the mass trapping results.

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Available from: Vicente Navarro-Llopis, Aug 27, 2015
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    • "In field trials satisfactory mass-trapping results were obtained by using 50 traps/ha; however, this technique is not effective enough to control high-density populations. Masstrapping is currently being applied in the Mediterranean Region; in Spain more than 30,000 ha of citrus groves are being treated with this technique [32]. "
    Chapter: Tephritidae
    Integrated Control of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region, Edited by Vincenzo Vacante, Uri Gerson, 01/2012: chapter Tephritidae: pages 206-222; Bentham Science Publishers., ISBN: ISBN: 978-1-60805-680-4
    • "No such bait is commercially available for the genus Calliphora, but there are reports of attraction to oligosulphides (Nilssen et al. 1996; Stensmyr et al. 2002). Sticky traps and funnel/ box/entry traps are used for Diptera (Broumas et al. 2002; Diaz-Fleischer et al. 2009; Hall et al. 2003; Navarro-Llopis et al. 2008; Pickens et al. 1994; Urech et al. 2009), and lures can be combined with either type of trap. Furthermore , colours such as white and yellow are also known to attract the blowfly Lucilia sericata Meigen, 1826 (Wall et al. 1992b), and these should be considered as possible trap colours. "
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    ABSTRACT: Production of high quality stockfish in northern Norway takes place from February to May. The dominant blowfly species (Diptera: Calliphoridae) with adults present during stockfish production were Calliphora vicina and Protophormia terraenovae. Larval collections identified the damage-causing species to be C. vicina. Other saprophagous blowfly species were only found after the production period. Fish dried in sun-exposed locations experienced more damage than fish in shaded locations, and the risk of damage was higher in fish dried later in the production period. Yellow sticky traps and funnel traps baited with dimethyl trisulphide were tested for their potential in mass trapping. Sticky traps caught flies during early spring, while funnel traps increased in efficiency closer to summer. Attraction to dimethyl trisulphide was found to be significantly higher for C. vicina compared to P. terraenovae, and the catch of C. vicina consisted of 92% females. The catch of female flies during the critical drying period consisted of 5–30% of the estimated number of flies having caused damage. The target specificity with high female catches and the cost efficiency of these traps indicate that mass trapping can be used as an integrated part of a management program to reduce damage from blowflies in stockfish producing areas. Keywords Calliphora vicina - Protophormia terraenovae -Mass trapping-Olfaction-Seasonality
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    • "Similarly, there are many traps that have been used with varying success to trap fruit flies. Traps such as the Steiner and Tephri-trap have proven successful in trapping different fruit fly species in Australia and elsewhere [6]. "
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    ABSTRACT: In Australia, the Queensland fruit fly (B. tryoni), is the most destructive insect pest of horticulture, attacking nearly all fruit and vegetable crops. This project has researched and prototyped a system for monitoring fruit flies so that authorities can be alerted when a fly enters a crop in a more efficient manner than is currently used. This paper presents the idea of a sensor platform design as well as the fruit fly detection and recognition algorithm by using machine vision techniques. The experiments showed that the designed trap and sensor platform can capture quality fly images and the invasive flies can be detected with an average precision of 80%.
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