Impact of obesity on the surgical outcome following repeat hepatic resection in Japanese patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma.

Department of Surgery, Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital and Atomic Bomb Survivors Hospital, Hiroshima 730-8619, Japan.
World Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.37). 04/2008; 14(10):1553-8.
Source: PubMed


To evaluate the impact of obesity on the posto-perative outcome after hepatic resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Data from 328 consecutive patients with primary HCC and 60 patients with recurrent HCC were studied. We compared the surgical outcomes between the non-obese group (body mass index: BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) and the obese group (BMI > or = 25 kg/m(2)).
Following curative hepatectomy in patients with primary HCC, the incidence of postoperative complications and the long-term prognosis in the non-obese group (n = 240) were comparable to those in the obese group (n = 88). Among patients with recurrent HCC, the incidence of postoperative complications after repeat hepatectomy was not significantly different between the non-obese group (n = 44) and the obese group (n = 16). However, patients in the obese group showed a significantly poorer long-term prognosis than those in the non-obese group (P < 0.05, five-year survival rate; 51.9% and 92.0%, respectively).
Obesity alone may not have an adverse effect on the surgical outcomes of patients with primary HCC. However, greater caution seems to be required when planning a repeat hepatectomy for obese patients with recurrent HCC.

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Available from: Manabu Yamamoto, Oct 06, 2015
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    • "Previous studies reported non-significant weight loss following hepatic resection [7], thus BMI alterations (26.5 ± 5.0 (baseline), 25.5 ± 3.5 and 25 ± 4.5, respectively) were not further co-analyzed. Study time-points were precisely predefined to exclude the influence of postoperative malnutrition on glucose metabolism; diet-related bias should be excluded. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose This single center prospective cohort study evaluated the influence of hemihepatectomy on glucose homeostasis. Methods The study included 30 patients undergoing hemihepatectomy. All patients underwent an oral 75 g glucose tolerance test before (baseline), 1 week and 1 month after the surgery. Plasma glucose, insulin and glucagon were measured in the OGTT samples, and the HOMA index was calculated. The fasting levels of interleukin 6 and 1β, tumor necrosis factor and adiponectin were assessed. Results The fasting plasma and 120-min post-challenge mean glucose level increased during the study from 89.6 to 103.5 mg/dl (by 15.5 %) and from 136.4 to 162.2 (by 18.9 %; p = 0.51), respectively, accompanied by an increase in fasting glucagon (from 3.2 to 5.9 ng/mL; p = 0.043) and insulin (from 14.6 to 19.3 IU/mL) and by a decrease in plasma insulin at 60 min of OGTT (p = 0.34). An increase of IL-6 (p = 0.015) and TNF (from 49.7 to 53 pg/mL), and decrease of plasma APO (7658 to 5152 ng/mL) and exacerbation of insulin resistance (p = 0.007) were noted. Conclusion Hemihepatectomy resulted in moderate disturbances in glucose homeostasis, in a majority of patients that was likely to be of minor clinical relevance. However, the patients might be at higher risk of developing overt diabetes following long-term survival.
    Surgery Today 07/2012; 43(5). DOI:10.1007/s00595-012-0268-8 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Westernization of lifestyle and diet has resulted in an increase in overweight patients in Japan. Although the adverse effects of higher body mass index (BMI) on early surgical outcomes are known, the relationship between BMI and long-term outcome is unclear. Clinicopathological characteristics and 5-year survival rate of overweight (BMI >or= 25 kg/m2; H-BMI; n = 1126) and nonoverweight (BMI < 25 kg/m2; N-BMI; n = 6799) patients who underwent gastrectomy with curative intent at the Cancer Institute Hospital between 1970 and 2004 were compared. Patients in the H-BMI group tended to have earlier-stage disease. The 5-year survival rate was significantly better in the H-BMI than N-BMI group (81.5% vs 74.1%, respectively; P < .001). Postoperative mortality was 1% in both groups (P = .482), whereas postoperative morbidity was 22% and 19% in the H-BMI and N-BMI groups, respectively (P = .007). Multivariate analysis indicated overweight, age, gender, surgical procedure, histology, operation year, pT, and pN as independent prognostic factors. Subset analyses of pT and pN stages revealed overweight as an independent prognostic factor in patients with pT1 and pN0. The 5-year survival rate following curative gastrectomy is better in overweight than nonoverweight Japanese patients, especially for early-stage gastric cancer. Further studies are needed to determine whether these results apply to other countries where morbidity and mortality for gastric cancer are higher than in Asian countries.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 07/2009; 16(12):3245-51. DOI:10.1245/s10434-009-0645-8 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most rapidly increasing cause of cancer death in the United States. Although many risk factors for HCC are well defined, including hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and alcohol, most series have indicated that 5% to 30% of patients with HCC lack a readily identifiable risk factor for their cancer. The majority of "cryptogenic" HCC in the United States is attributed to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of problems that includes insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Increasingly, components of the metabolic syndrome are being linked to various forms of cancer with respect to both increased risk of disease and worsened outcome. In this review, the authors focused on the relation between metabolic syndrome and HCC. They investigated the increased risks of HCC among individuals with features of metabolic syndrome, potentially worsened cancer outcomes in these patients, possible pathogenic mechanisms to explain these relations, and treatment options for those with NAFLD and its progressive counterpart, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. It is predicted that metabolic syndrome will lead to large increases in the incidence of HCC over the next decades. A better understanding of the relation between these 2 diseases ultimately should lead to improved screening and treatment options for patients with HCC.
    Cancer 10/2009; 115(24):5651-61. DOI:10.1002/cncr.24687 · 4.89 Impact Factor
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