Within-Group Differences in Depression Among Older Hispanics Living in the United States

Institute for Aging Research, Hebrew SeniorLife, 1200 Centre Street, Boston, MA 02131, USA.
The Journals of Gerontology Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (Impact Factor: 3.21). 02/2008; 63(1):P27-32. DOI: 10.1093/geronb/63.1.P27
Source: PubMed


Using the Health and Retirement Study, we examine the prevalence of depression in different groups of Hispanic older adults. Respondents (n = 759) were aged 59 and older and identified themselves as Mexican American (56%), Cuban American (13%), Puerto Rican (8%), other (8%), or not specified (15%). We used a modified version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview to assess depressive symptoms and the presence of major depression. Relative to Puerto Ricans, each Hispanic group had significantly lower levels of depressive symptoms, except for Cuban Americans; and each Hispanic group had lower prevalence rates for major depression, except for other Hispanics, even after we adjusted for sociodemographic, cultural factors, socioeconomic, functional limitations, and chronic health conditions.

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    • "Studies–Depression (cES-D) scale (Yang & Jones, 2008): lack of positive affect, dysphoria (presence of depressed affect, e.g., feeling lonely), and somatic (symptoms related to lack of energy and sleep). These dimensions are consistent with the findings by Radloff (1977) and Blazer, landerman, Hays, Simonsick, and Saunders (1998). "
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