Long-term safety and efficacy results of once-daily emtricitabine-based highly active Antiretroviral therapy regimens in human immunodeficiency virus-infected pediatric subjects
ABSTRACT The purpose of this work was to obtain long-term safety and efficacy data for antiretroviral regimens containing emtricitabine in HIV-infected pediatric subjects and confirm that a pediatric dose of 6 mg/kg once daily would provide steady-state emtricitabine concentrations comparable to those observed in adults given 200 mg of emtricitabine once daily.
HIV-infected subjects between 3 months and 16 years of age were enrolled, including 71 antiretroviral-naïve subjects and 45 antiretroviral-experienced subjects. Naive subjects received emtricitabine plus stavudine plus lopinavir or ritonavir. Experienced subjects replaced the lamivudine in their existing regimens with emtricitabine. Tolerance, safety, disease progression, and virologic and immunologic responses were evaluated.
The Kaplan-Meier probability of persistent virologic response in the intent-to-treat population through week 164 at < or = 400 copies per mL and < or = 50 copies per mL was 74% and 62%, respectively. Three subjects (3%) discontinued the study for adverse events, 8 (7%) for virologic failure, and 1 died through a median follow-up of 164 weeks. The annualized incidence rate of grade 3 to 4 adverse events and grade 3 to 4 laboratory abnormalities was 6% and 3%, respectively. The annualized incidence rate of serious adverse events was 9%, with 1% attributed as related to emtricitabine. Genotypic analysis showed the emergence of the M184V mutation in 4 of the 15 subjects who experienced virologic failure through week 164. Pharmacokinetic evaluation demonstrated plasma drug exposures in these children comparable to adults receiving the approved dose of 200 mg once daily.
These results demonstrate the safety and efficacy of emtricitabine in pediatric patients. They also support that the safety and efficacy profile of emtricitabine in children is similar to that demonstrated in adults.
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ABSTRACT: There are approximately from 1,100 to 1,200 HIV-infected children in a follow-up in Spain. In 2008 an open, multicentral, retrospective and prospective Cohort of the Spanish Paediatric HIV Network (CoRISpe) was founded. The CoRISpe is divided into the node 1 and node 2 representing geographically almost the whole territory of Spain. Since 2008 seventy-five hospitals have been participating in the CoRISpe. All the retrospective data of the HIV-infected children have been kept in the CoRISpe since 1995 and prospective data since 2008. In this article we are going to present the notion of CoRISpe, its role, the structure, how the CoRISpe works and the process how a child is transferred from Paediatric to Adults Units.The main objective of the CoRISpe is to contribute to furthering scientific knowledge on paediatric HIV infection by providing demographic, sociopsychological, clinical and laboratory data from HIV-infected paediatric patients. Its aim is to enable high-quality research studies on HIV-infected children.BMC Infectious Diseases 01/2013; 13(1):2. DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-13-2 · 2.56 Impact Factor
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 06/2013; DOI:10.1093/jac/dkt215 · 5.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many Romanian children were infected nosocomially with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the late 1980s. The Romanian-American Children's Center of Excellence in Constanţa continues to follow approximately 450 of these patients. In 2001, 414 of these patients were initiated on triple therapy including lopinavir/ritonavir. Data from this cohort treated through August 2006 were published in April 2007 demonstrating that the treatment was well tolerated, with 337 children (81%) remaining on therapy after a median duration of >4 years. The current article describes the results of continued analysis of this cohort through end 2010. The objective of the study was to determine the long-term clinical outcomes of children and adolescents commenced on antiretroviral therapy (ART) including lopinavir/ritonavir. Data were extracted retrospectively from the charts of the 336 patients remaining on lopinavir/ritonavir in August 2006. The following outcomes were analyzed: mortality, current patient status, viral load (VL), CD4 counts and reasons for discontinuation of lopinavir/ritonavir. The median age at initiation of lopinavir/ritonavir was 14.0 years (range 5.4 to 20.0 years). The median time on lopinavir/ritonavir treatment was 7.5 years (interquartile range 5.7 to 8.6 years). Overall mortality was 13.5%. Of the original 414 patients started on lopinavir/ritonavir in 2001, 199 (48.1%) remained on this therapy at the end of 2010 and of these 63.8% had undetectable viral load. Despite initial suboptimal ART, a significant proportion of patients subsequently treated with a lopinavir/ritonavir based regimen remained on this therapy for up to nine years.09/2013; 3(3):90-5. DOI:10.11599/germs.2013.1042