Resection of renal metastases to the pancreas: a surgical challenge.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Metastasis to the pancreas from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is distinctly uncommon. Most cases are detected at an advanced stage of the disease and are thus unsuitable for resection. A solitary RCC metastasis to the head of pancreas is rarely encountered and, although it is potentially amenable to surgical resection, surgeons may be hesitant to perform pancreatoduodenectomy. CASES OUTLINES: Two patients with a solitary RCC metastasis to the head of pancreas were treated by pancreatoduodenectomy, while a third with multiple RCC metastases declined any treatment. Two of the patients were asymptomatic, and one presented with anaemia and mild abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) and angiography were used to exclude other metastases and to assess resectability of the pancreatic tumour. All three patients are still alive, those with resectable disease at 2 years and 9 years and the one with irresectable disease at 4 years. DISCUSSION: Isolated RCC metastasis to the pancreas is a rare event. Patients present either on follow-up imaging or with symptoms such as mild abdominal pain, weight loss, jaundice, anaemia or gastrointestinal bleeding (whether occult or overt). Dynamic spiral CT can visualise the tumour and exclude distant metastasis. Angiography often reveals a highly vascularised tumour and will help to assess resectability. In the absence of widespread disease, pancreatic resection can provide long-term survival in metastatic RCC, although few cases have been reported with lengthy follow-up. The prognosis is better than for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Article: Management of the pancreatic metastases from renal cell carcinoma: report of four resected cases.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The pancreas is an uncommon site for metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. In most cases, pancreatic metastases occur as part of widespread nodal and visceral involvement, and there is thus evidence of metastatic disease elsewhere in the body. We present 4 cases with resectable pancreatic metastases arising from renal cell tumors without involvement of the regional lymph nodes at the operation. Three cases out of 4 were asymptomatic and the pancreatic metastases were detected by routine follow-up examination of renal cell carcinoma. Aggressive surgical treatment for the solitary metastatic lesion is advocated. Spread of renal cell carcinoma to the pancreas is, however, via the hematogenous route, and even solitary pancreatic metastasis may be one of the manifestations of the systemic metastasis of renal cell carcinoma. No pancreatic regional lymph nodes metastases were noted. Pancreatectomy should be undertaken to remove the tumor with adequate resection margins while preserving as much of the gland as possible. The prognosis of pancreatic metastases arising from a renal cell carcinoma is discussed with a review of the literature. Adjuvant chemo- and endocrine therapy should also be considered in these cases.Hepato-gastroenterology 45(22):1150-4. · 0.66 Impact Factor