The in vitro anti-herpes simplex virus type-1 and type-2 activity of Long Dan Xie Gan Tan, a prescription of traditional Chinese medicine.

Department of Cosmetic Applications and Management, Tung Fang Institute of Technology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Chemotherapy (Impact Factor: 1.55). 02/2008; 54(2):77-83. DOI: 10.1159/000119705
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Long Dan Xie Gan Tan (LDXGT), a decoction of radix gentianae for purging the pathogenic inflammation of the liver, is a widely used prescription among many in traditional Chinese medicine. The prescription is primarily used to treat the disorders induced by damp-heat in the liver and the gall bladder.
In this study, the in vitro anti-herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) and type-2 (HSV-2) activity of the water extract of LDXGT was investigated.
LDXGT water extract was shown to exhibit anti-HSV activity. The IC(50) values of LDXGT against HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections were 257.5 +/- 12.2 and 494.6 +/- 1.8 microg/ml, respectively. It had a CC(50) value of 4,077.2 +/- 2.4 microg/ml towards Vero cells and showed no cytotoxic effect at a concentration of 2,000 microg/ml or below. The prescription was also found to inactivate HSV-2 infectivity in a dose-, time- and temperature-dependent manner.
In summary, the water extract of LDXGT was concluded to inhibit HSV-1 and HSV-2 infection at different magnitudes of potency, and our observations also suggested that the effect was likely mediated by directly inactivating the virus infectivity.