A possible role of histone-like DNA-binding protein of Streptococcus intermedius in the pathogenesis of bile duct damage in primary biliary cirrhosis.
ABSTRACT Bacterial infection has become a focus of attention in the pathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). It was reported that anti-histone autoantibody was detected in PBC, suggesting that bacterial histone-like DNA-binding protein (HLP) may be involved in the pathogenesis of PBC. To identify bacterial species in PBC to confirm this possibility, serum reactivity to bacterial cells was studied by ELISA. The IgM class Streptococcus intermedius titers were significantly higher in PBC than chronic hepatitis due to hepatitis C virus (CH-C) and healthy subjects. Among the streptococci, S. intermedius was selected for further study. The antigenic peptide of S. intermedius of HLP was synthesized to examine the serum reactivity to Si-HLP. IgM class anti-Si-HLP peptide titers were significantly higher in PBC. Immunoreactivity to anti-Si-HLP was detected in the cytoplasm of biliary epithelial cells and inflammatory cells in the portal area in PBC patients' livers. Streptococci, especially S. intermedius, might play a key role in the pathogenesis of PBC, possibly involving HLP.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The etiopathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) remains speculative. Epithelioid granulomas are often found in the vicinity of damaged interlobular bile ducts in PBC, raising the possibility of a reaction to microbial materials. In this study, we tried to detect and identify bacterial DNA within granulomatous lesions in PBC. Using liver sections from 9 patients with PBC and 13 control livers, granuloma in portal tracts, portal tracts without granuloma, and adjacent hepatic parenchyma were selectively microdissected from sections, and then DNA was extracted from them. First, part of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene was amplified from DNA samples extracted from 5 PBC and 6 control livers, and their amplicons were sequenced for the identification of bacterial species. Several indigenous bacteria were identified. Among them, Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) was detected as a major clone in 20% to 50% of sequenced clones from granuloma of PBC, but the detection rate of P. acnes was 0% to 20% in those cloned from adjacent hepatic parenchyma of PBC. Then, a P. acnes-specific PCR was performed using all microdissected samples. Distinct PCR products were identified in epithelioid granuloma in all 9 PBC cases. The result that P. acnes DNA is present as a major clone in granulomas of PBC, suggest that P. acnes is involved in the pathogenesis of granuloma in PBC.Hepatology 04/2001; 33(3):530-6. · 12.00 Impact Factor
- Hepatology 07/1994; 19(6):1513-20. · 12.00 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The associations of Streptococcus intermedius, S. constellatus, and S. anginosus (the three species of the S. milleri group) with clinical infections and sites of isolation were investigated by using a simple biochemical scheme to identify a collection of 153 clinical isolates. S. intermedius was associated with abscesses of the brain and liver, while both S. anginosus and S. constellatus were isolated from a wider range of sites and infections. S. anginosus strains predominated in both genitourinary and gastrointestinal sources and exhibited a wider range of phenotypes, particularly in the ability to ferment mannitol and/or raffinose.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 02/1992; 30(1):243-4. · 4.07 Impact Factor