Propionibacterium acnes is a common colonizer of intravascular catheters.
ABSTRACT Propionibacterium spp. are common flora of human skin. Nevertheless, currently recommended culture procedures do not include anaerobic processing with the result that this organism may go undetected on a colonized catheter. To determine the rate of catheter colonization by Propionibacterium spp., a sample of 1000 vascular catheters was processed by the roll-plate technique and, after conventional aerobic processing, all primary culture plates were reincubated in an anaerobic atmosphere. Propionibacterium acnes was detected in significant counts in the vascular catheters of 39 patients. This represents 14.7% (95% CI, 12.5-16.9) of all positive catheters. Propionibacterium is the second most frequent genus-colonizing catheter tips after Staphylococcus spp. Methodological shortcomings impair the detection and proper adscription of P. acnes as a potential cause of catheter-related infections.
Article: Chronic prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Propionibacterium acnes: an unexpected cause of prosthetic valve dysfunction.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine the characteristics of Propionibacterium acnes prosthetic valve endocarditis (PAPVE). Prospective descriptive study of 16 consecutive cases of PAPVE. Seven patients developed PAPVE early and 9 developed it late. In all those who developed PAPVE late, there was a history of mucocutaneous barrier manipulation. The delay in diagnosis was >3 months in 75%. The clinical presentation was asymptomatic prosthetic valve dysfunction in 31%, heart failure in 19%, coronary syndrome in 12.5%, fever in 25%, and neurological deficits in 19%. At diagnosis, 62.5% had heart failure and 44% had fever. The predominant echocardiographic finding was prosthesis dysfunction due to dehiscence of metallic aortic valves (6 out of 7) or stenosis of metallic mitral valves (4 out of 7). In 2 of the 3 biological aortic prostheses, dysfunction was due to leaflet distortion. Blood cultures and surgical specimens tested positive after a mean of 11.6 and 12.2 days, respectively. In 2 cases, the diagnosis was confirmed by PCR. The principle intraoperative finding was the presence of abundant grayish pannus. Histology demonstrated the absence of acute inflammatory features. Twelve patients received antibiotic treatment with valve replacement: 7 were cured, 4 experienced early prosthesis dehiscence and 1 relapsed. All 3 patients who were initially treated with antibiotics alone suffered relapses. Generally, PAPVE presents as prosthetic valve dysfunction with few symptoms of infection. Prolonged incubation of cultures is essential for diagnosis. Antibiotic treatment provides clinical control but does not eradicate the infection, and valve replacement is necessary for a cure. The postoperative course can be complicated by prosthesis dehiscence.Revista Espa de Cardiologia 03/2009; 62(2):167-77. · 2.53 Impact Factor
Article: Screening of platelet concentrates for bacterial contamination: spectrum of bacteria detected, proportionof transfused units, and clinical follow-up.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Screening of platelet concentrates (PCs) for bacterial contamination with cultivation methods is carried out as a routine procedure in some countries. The aim is to prevent the transfusion of contaminated PCs. The German Evaluation of Regular Monitoring Study Group conducted a prospective multicenter study on 52,243 PCs to investigate the prevalence of bacteria (BacT/ALERT, bioMerieux). This study describes the detected bacterial spectrum, the proportion of PCs with a positive test result that had been transfused, and the results of the clinical follow-up. One hundred thirteen (67%) of 169 potentially or confirmed positive units had already been transfused at the time of the first positive signal. The transfusion of units contaminated by Staphylococcus aureus, Serratia marcescens, and 73% of the units contaminated with Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus capitis, or Staphylococcus saccharolyticus was prevented. In contrast, 85% of units with Propionibacterium acnes were transfused. A clonal relationship of the isolates from the pooled PCs and from the associated red blood cell concentrates was found in all investigated cases. The follow-up revealed six febrile reactions to culture-positive PCs not classified as transfusion reaction (TRs) by treating physicians. This demonstrates the importance of hemovigilance. Serious septic reactions due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in two units of one apheresis PC that had tested false-negative were reported; one had a fatal outcome. Culture systems reduce the risk of transfusion of contaminated PCs but cannot guarantee sterility. Physicians must be aware of bacterial contamination of PCs as a potential cause of TRs and must report all adverse events.Annals of Hematology 06/2009; 89(1):83-91. · 2.62 Impact Factor