Thermochemical and Physical Properties of Element 112
Labor für Radio- und Umweltchemie, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland. Angewandte Chemie International Edition
(Impact Factor: 11.26).
02/2008; 47(17):3262-6. DOI: 10.1002/anie.200705019
Every atom counts: New data for the adsorption chromatographic behavior of single atoms of element 112 confirm a metallic character involved in their interaction with a gold surface, similar to the lighter homologues Zn, Cd, and Hg. The elemental volatility of element 112 is much higher than that of lighter homologues of Group 12 of the periodic table, as empirically deduced from the experimental results.
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ABSTRACT: Theoretical chemical research in the area of the heaviest elements is extremely important. It deals with predictions of properties of exotic species and their behavior in sophisticated and expensive experiments with single atoms and permits the interpretation of experimental results. Spectacular developments in the relativistic quantum theory and computational algorithms have allowed for accurate calculations of electronic structures of the heaviest elements and their compounds. Due to the experimental restrictions in this area, the theoretical studies are often the only source of useful chemical information. The works on relativistic calculations and predictions of chemical properties of elements with Z ≥ 104 are overviewed. Preference is given to those related to the experimental research. The increasingly important role of relativistic effects in this part of the Periodic Table is demonstrated. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. All rights are reserved.
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