Comparative evaluation of ATB Fungus 2 and Sensititre YeastOne panels for testing in vitro Candida antifungal susceptibility.

Laboratorio de Micología Médica, Departamento de Inmunología, Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad de Medicina y Odontología, Universidad del País Vasco, Bilbao, Spain.
Revista Iberoamericana de Micología (Impact Factor: 1.31). 03/2008; 25(1):3-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT ATB Fungus 2 and SensititreYeastOne are commercial methods for antifungal susceptibility testing of yeasts. The agreement between these two methods was assessed with a total of 133 Candida strains (60 Candida albicans, 18 Candida dubliniensis, 29 Candida glabrata, and 26 Candida krusei). MIC endpoints were established after 24 h of incubation at 36-/+1 degrees C by each method. Intra-laboratory reproducibility of both methods was excellent (=or>99%). Overall agreement between ATB Fungus 2 and Sensititre YeastOne 3 MICs (within 2 dilutions) was 91.2-97.7% for amphotericin B, 5-fluorocytosine and itraconazole, and 82.7% for fluconazole. The categorical agreement when ATB Fungus 2 results were compared to those by SensititreYeastOne 3 was 93.2-98.5% for 5-fluorocytosine and amphotericin B, but lower for the triazoles (72.9-75.9%). This easy to perform method could be an alternative for routine use in the clinical microbiology laboratory for susceptibility testing of common Candida spp.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Sub-Saharan Africa has 23.5 million cases of HIV and is home to 92% of the world’s HIV-positive pregnant women of whom 24% die of pregnancy related complications. Oral candidiasis is a common condition in HIV-AIDS patients, caused by commensal yeasts which may colonise the mucous membranes of the mouth causing morbidity due to several factors including immunosuppression, smoking, poor nutrition and the use of antibiotics. Methods: One hundred and ninety-four South African and Cameroonian HIV-positive women participated in the study. Only subjects who had white pseudomembranous plaque on the tongue or visible oral candidiasis were included. Samples were collected by scraping the patient’s oral mucosa and tongue with a sterile swab. Candida species were differentiated using selective and chromogenic media and their susceptibility to antifungal drugs was tested using the TREK Sensititre system. Results and conclusion: One hundred and ninety-six isolates, representative of six Candida species were identified. C. albicans was the predominating species, with C. glabrata and C. dubliniensis being the more frequent of the non-albicans isolates. Azole drug resistance patterns were very high for C. albicans, while C. glabrata showed high resistance patterns to echinocandins drugs. The duration of ART could be associated with the presence of different Candida species but no concrete conclusions could be drawn concerning HIV/Candida co-infection when controlling for other risk factors such as HIV stage, pregnancy, age and treatment for tuberculosis. This may be a cause for concern, particularly in the case of pregnancy, where co-infection may pose a risk for maternal morbidity and mortality.
    Federation of Infectious Diseases Societies of Southern Africa 5th Congress, Winterton, South Africa; 10/2013
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Candida and Aspergillus species are the most common causes of invasive fungal infections in immunocompromised patients. The introduction of new antifungal agents and recent reports of resistance emerging during treatment have highlighted the need for in vitro susceptibility testing. For some drugs, there is a supporting in vitro-in vivo correlation available from studies of clinical efficacy. Both intrinsic and emergent antifungal drug resistance are encountered. Various testing procedures have been proposed, including macrodilution and microdilution, agar diffusion, disk diffusion and Etest. Early recognition of infections caused by pathogens that are resistant to one or more antifungals is highly warranted to optimise treatment and patient outcome.
    Mycoses 01/2010; 53(1):1-11. · 1.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Candida infections are a common cause of death in immunocompromised patients. The prevalence and anti-mycotic drug susceptibility profiles of Candida species from Cameroon in Africa are unavailable. This study was prompted by an increasing incidence of treatment failure. Drug susceptibility profiles, necessary to improve treatment outcomes, is particularly important in countries where the sale of antimicrobials and antifungals is uncontrolled and resistance may emerge due to the indiscriminate use. Objective: The goal of this study was to characterize and determine drug susceptibility of oral Candida species in Cameroonian patients with HIV/AIDS. Materials and Methods: Candida species were isolated from the oral cavity of 126 HIV-positive patients attending a local HIV/AIDS clinic in the Cameroon. Drug susceptibility to azoles and echinocandins was determined using the commercial TREK Sensititre® YeastOne™ platform that provides the minimal inhibitory concentration of amphotericin B, 5-flucytosine, anidulafungin, caspofungin, micafungin, fluconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, and voriconazole. Results: Ninety two isolates identified were Candida albicans. Remaining isolates were C. glabrata (24), C. tropicalis (4), C. krusei (3), C. parapsilopsis/lusitaneae/keyfr (2), and one isolate was C. dubliniensis. More than 50% of C. albicans isolated were resistant to azoles but 115 Candida species (87%) were susceptible to amphotericin B. Twenty one of the twenty four C.glabrata identified (88%) were resistant to micafungin. The majority of Cameroonian Candida species were sensitive to flucytosine (5-FC) (95%) and echinocandins (79%). Conclusions: The report of azole resistance in all Candida species isolated from immunocompromised patients in Cameroon is a new and important observation. We found the approach using a broad screening platform an effective means to obtain data rapidly. We propose confirmation of these data and regional surveillance of Candida species in other areas in Cameroon and surrounding countries to develop an effective public health management and treatment strategy.
    American Society for Microbiology 113th General Meeting, Denver, Colorado, USA; 05/2013

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 23, 2014