CYP450 biosensors based on gold chips for antiepileptic drugs determination.
ABSTRACT Three-electrode configuration chips containing a Pt, Au and a screen-printed Ag/AgCl as counter, working and reference electrode, respectively, have been developed. Selective determination of Phenobarbital (PB) has been carried out by Cytochrome P450 2B4 (CYP450) immobilization into a polypyrrole matrix onto the gold working electrode. Chronoamperometric experiments show a PB diffusion coefficient of 2.42x10(-6)cm(2)s(-1), a reproducibility and repeatability in terms of residual standard deviation (RSD) of 13% and 5.51%, respectively, and a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.289 micromol dm(-3) (alpha=beta=0.05) for the developed CYP450-biosensor chip. Its performance has been showed by the determination of PB in pharmaceutical drugs. HPLC has been used as reference technique.
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ABSTRACT: A rapid, simple and robust method is presented for the simultaneous determination of seven antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), including primidone, phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine with its two major metabolites carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide and carbamazepine-10,11-(trans)-dihydrodiol and the new AEDs lamotrigine, hydroxycarbazepine (active metabolite of oxcarbazepine) and zonisamide in serum by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-diode array detector (DAD). After solid-phase extraction, separation is achieved on an Alltima 3C18 analytical column using isocratic elution with a mixture of acetonitrile, methanol and phosphate buffer at 45 degrees C. The method is exhaustively validated, including experimental design in combination with statistical evaluation (ANOVA) to study the robustness of chromatography and sample preparation. Commonly co-administered antiepileptic drugs do not interfere with the method. Intra-day precision (RSD<1.9%), linearity, lower limit of quantitation (LOQ<0.065 mg/l) and robustness make the method suitable for daily therapeutic drug monitoring and pharmacokinetic studies.Journal of Chromatography B 10/2007; 857(1):40-6. · 2.49 Impact Factor
Article: Cytochrome P450 biosensors-a review.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) is a large family of enzymes containing heme as the active site. Since their discovery and the elucidation of their structure, they have attracted the interest of scientist for many years, particularly due to their catalytic abilities. Since the late 1970s attempts have concentrated on the construction and development of electrochemical sensors. Although sensors based on mediated electron transfer have also been constructed, the direct electron transfer approach has attracted most of the interest. This has enabled the investigation of the electrochemical properties of the various isoforms of CYP. Furthermore, CYP utilized to construct biosensors for the determination of substrates important in environmental monitoring, pharmaceutical industry and clinical practice.Biosensors and Bioelectronics 07/2005; 20(12):2408-23. · 5.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pyrrole was electropolymerized onto a Pt electrode in the presence of LiClO(4) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). This HRP-based biosensor has been used for the amperometric detection of rifampicin (RIF) in the presence of a constant concentration of H(2)O(2). The C(H(2)O(2)) as well as the applied potential (E(ap)) and the pH of the phosphate buffer have simultaneously been optimized through a central composite design. Under these conditions, repeatability, reproducibility, and stability of the modified electrode have been analyzed. The detection limit for RIF has been calculated taking into account the probability of false-positive (alpha) and -negative (beta), reaching a value of 5.06x10(-6) mol dm(-3). The biosensor was applied to the determination of RIF in pharmaceutical preparations and biological samples.Biosensors and Bioelectronics 09/2003; 18(9):1165-71. · 5.44 Impact Factor