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Bridging science and practice in violence prevention: Addressing ten key challenges. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 197-205

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mailstop F63, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.
American Journal of Community Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 07/2008; 41(3-4):197-205. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-008-9171-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This article illustrates ideas for bridging science and practice generated during the Division of Violence Prevention's (DVP) dissemination/implementation planning process. The difficulty of moving what is known about what works into broader use is near universal, and this planning process pushed us to look beyond the common explanations (e.g., providers were resistant/unwilling to change practice) and think about the multiple layers and systems involved. As part of this planning process, the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation (ISF) was developed and then applied to the fields of child maltreatment and youth violence prevention. Challenges for each of the three systems in the ISF are discussed as well as and action and research ideas to address the challenges. Also described are actions taken by DVP in response to the planning process to illustrate how a funder can use the ISF to bridge science and practice.

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Available from: Morris Blachman, Aug 20, 2015
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    Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work 01/2014; 11(1-2):208-21. DOI:10.1080/15433714.2013.850325
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    • "In addition, information about what works has not been effectively communicated to practitioners (Kerner & Hall, 2009; Saul et al., 2008). As a result, most community practice is not based on evidence of effectiveness (Glasgow, Lichtenstein, & Marcus, 2003; Ringwalt et al., 2009; Saul et al., 2008). That is, communities most often implement preventive interventions that have not been evaluated or which show no evidence of success in reducing problem behaviors, which hampers the ability to significantly reduce rates of youth violence community-and nation-wide. "
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    • "While collaborations develop for different purposes, they have been proposed as a valuable facilitator of macro-level change. Formalized coordination is especially critical for youth violence prevention, as this issue suffers from the " many homes " and " no home " syndromes, i.e., responsibility to address youth violence is typically fragmented across agencies or falls through the cracks between them (Saul et al. 2008). Collaboration is beneficial because it can focus attention on an issue and " braid together " efforts of separate organizations (Spoth and Greenberg 2011). "
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