A Role for TNF Receptor Type II in Leukocyte Infiltration into the Lung during Experimental Idiopathic Pneumonia Syndrome

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.4). 04/2008; 14(4):385-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2008.01.004
Source: PubMed


Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) is a frequently fatal complication following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Experimental models have revealed that TNF-alpha contributes to pulmonary vascular endothelial cell (EC) apoptosis, and modulates the infiltration of donor leukocytes into the lung parenchyma. The inflammatory effects of TNF-alpha are mediated by signaling through the type I (TNFRI) or type II (TNFRII) TNF receptors. We investigated the relative contribution of TNFRI and TNFRII to leukocyte infiltration into the lung following allo-SCT by using established murine models. Wild-type (wt) B6 mice or B6 animals deficient in either TNFRI or TNFRII were lethally irradiated and received SCT from allogeneic (LP/J) or syngeneic (B6) donors. At week 5 following SCT, the severity of IPS was significantly reduced in TNFRII-/- recipients compared to wt controls, but no effect was observed in TNFRI-/- animals. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) levels of RANTES and pulmonary ICAM-1 expression in TNFRII-/- recipients were also reduced, and correlated with a reduction of CD8(+) cells in the lung. Pulmonary inflammation was also decreased in TNFRII-/- mice using an isolated MHC class I disparate model (bm1 --> B6), and in bm1 wt mice transplanted with B6 TNF-alpha-/- donor cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate a role for TNF-alpha signaling through TNFRII in leukocyte infiltration into the lung following allo-SCT, and suggest that disruption of the TNF-alpha:TNFRII pathway may be an effective tool to prevent or treat IPS.

Download full-text


Available from: Elizabeth M. Pierce, Oct 06, 2015
13 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) refers to a diffuse, noninfectious, acute lung injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Historically, IPS is associated with respiratory failure and mortality rates exceeding 50%. Preclinical studies have implicated tumor necrosis factor-alpha as an important effector molecule in the development of disease. We studied the tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor, etanercept, combined with corticosteroids in treating 15 patients (median age, 18 years; range, 1-60 years) with IPS. Eight of 15 patients required mechanical ventilation at therapy onset. Etanercept was administered subcutaneously at a dose of 0.4 mg/kg (maximum 25 mg) twice weekly, for a maximum of 8 doses. Therapy was well tolerated with no infectious pulmonary complications noted. Ten of 15 patients had a complete response, defined as the ability to discontinue supplemental oxygen support during study therapy. The median time to complete response was 7 days (range, 3-18 days), with a day 28 survival of 73%. IPS onset was associated with elevations of several inflammatory proteins in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and plasma, and response to therapy correlated with reductions in pulmonary and systemic inflammation. The combination of etanercept and corticosteroids is safe and is associated with high response rates and improved survival in patients with IPS.
    Blood 08/2008; 112(8):3073-81. DOI:10.1182/blood-2008-03-143412 · 10.45 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Children's Oncology Group conducted this phase II study to assess the efficacy and toxicity of gemcitabine and vinorelbine (GV) in pediatric patients with heavily pretreated relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's disease. Both agents have significant single-agent response rates in this setting. GV was given on days 1 and 8 of each 21-day treatment cycle: vinorelbine 25 mg/m(2)/dose administered via intravenous (IV) push before gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2)/dose IV over 100 minutes. Any patients who demonstrated a measurable response (complete response [CR], very good partial response [VGPR], or partial response [PR]) were considered to have experienced a response to GV. Response was evaluated after every two cycles. A two-stage minimax rule was used to test the null hypothesis that the response rate is <or= 40% against an alternative hypothesis of a response rate more than 65%. Thirty eligible patients with a median age of 17.7 years (range, 10.7 to 29.4 years) were enrolled. All patients had received at least two prior chemotherapy regimens, and 17 patients had undergone prior autologous stem-cell transplantation. Hematologic toxicity was predominant in all treatment cycles. Nonhematologic grade 3 to 4 toxicity, including elevated hepatic enzymes and hyperbilirubinemia, was less common. Pericardial and pleural effusions developed in one patient after cycles 4 and 5 of GV, consistent with gemcitabine-induced radiation recall. There were no toxic deaths. Measurable responses were seen in 19 (76%) of 25 assessable patients (95% exact binomial CI, 55% to 91%), including six CRs, 11 VGPRs, and two PRs. GV is an effective and well-tolerated reinduction regimen for children with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's disease.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2009; 27(9):1456-61. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2008.20.3778 · 18.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Early non-infectious pulmonary complications represent a significant cause of mortality after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We tested the hypothesis that oral beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) is effective for preventing early non-infectious pulmonary complications after allogeneic HCT. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 120 patients, 60 in each treatment arm, to identify non-infectious and infectious pulmonary events and pulmonary function test results from all patients who participated in two randomized trials of oral BDP for treatment of acute gastrointestinal GVHD. 17-Beclomethasone monopropionate (17-BMP), the active metabolite of BDP, was evaluated in blood from the right atrium in four patients. Thirty-three of 42 (79%) placebo-treated patients experienced a decrease of the DL(CO) from pretransplant to day 80 after transplant, compared with 27 of 49 (55%) BDP-treated patients (P=0.02). In the first 200 days after randomization, there were no cases of non-infectious pulmonary complications in BDP-treated patients, vs four cases among placebo-treated patients (P=0.04). Levels of 17-BMP were detected in atrial blood at steady state. Delivery of a potent glucocorticoid such as 17-BMP to the pulmonary artery after oral dosing of BDP may be useful in modulating pulmonary inflammation and preventing the development of non-infectious pulmonary complications after allogeneic HCT.
    Bone marrow transplantation 07/2009; 45(2):317-24. DOI:10.1038/bmt.2009.129 · 3.57 Impact Factor
Show more