Article

Immunohistochemical detection of the von Hippel-Lindau gene product (pVHL) in human tissues and tumors: a useful marker for metastatic renal cell carcinoma and clear cell carcinoma of the ovary and uterus.

Departments of Laboratory Medicine, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA 17822, USA.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology (Impact Factor: 3.01). 05/2008; 129(4):592-605. DOI: 10.1309/Q0FLUXFJ4FTTW1XR
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Genetic alteration of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene has been linked to hereditary and sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). Inconsistent data on immunodetection of the VHL gene product (pVHL) in normal tissues and tumors have been reported. We immunohistochemically reevaluated the usefulness of a specific rabbit polyclonal anti-pVHL antibody in 531 cases of renal and nonrenal neoplasms and normal tissues. Positive immunostaining was observed in nearly 100% of primary renal neoplasms, 95% of metastatic RCCs, and 90% of clear cell carcinomas of the ovary and uterus. In normal tissues, positive immunoreactivity was observed only in renal tubules, exocrine pancreas, islets, and bile ducts. Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction confirmed the immunostaining results. These data indicate that this anti-pVHL antibody is a useful marker in assisting diagnosis of metastatic RCC and may serve as a diagnostic marker for clear cell carcinomas of the ovary and uterus.

1 Follower
 · 
80 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Before setting into the clinical trial using a combination of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors (rapamycin and everolimus) and other anticancer drugs, this study was conducted to confirm the efficacy of the new therapeutic strategy for ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA), which targeted mTOR-hypoxia-induced factor (HIF) signal transduction system. Using the cultured cells of CCA and animal models, alteration of mTOR-HIF cofactors and cell proliferation under the mTOR inhibitor-treated condition were analyzed. Mammalian target of rapamycin-HIF cofactors were inhibited dependent on concentration by mTOR inhibitor, resulting in suppression of the cultured CCA proliferation. However, von Hippel-Lindau was up-regulated at the messenger RNA level. In the nude mice with subcutaneously implanted CCA cells, apoptosis and necrosis were detected especially around the center of the tumors in the mTOR inhibitor-treated group more conspicuously than in the nontreated group. In the assessment of combination therapy with other antitumor agents, a combined treatment with mTOR inhibitor and chemotherapeutic agents caused a significant decrease in tumor size compared to the chemotherapeutic agents-only group. Treatment by mTOR inhibitor is expected to down-regulate the cell proliferation of the CCA as a new therapeutic strategy.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 07/2013; 23(7). DOI:10.1097/IGC.0b013e31829d2d51 · 1.95 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma has a relatively poor prognosis among the ovarian cancer subtypes because of its high chemoresistance. Differential diagnosis of clear cell adenocarcinoma from other ovarian surface epithelial tumors is important for its treatment. Napsin A is a known diagnostic marker for lung adenocarcinoma, and expression of napsin A is reported in a certain portion of thyroid and renal carcinomas. However, napsin A expression in ovarian surface epithelial tumors has not previously been examined. In this study, immunohistochemical analysis revealed that in 71 of 86 ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma patients (83%) and all of the 13 patients with ovarian clear cell adenofibroma, positive napsin A staining was evident. No expression was observed in 30 serous adenocarcinomas, 11 serous adenomas or borderline tumors, 19 endometrioid adenocarcinomas, 22 mucinous adenomas or borderline tumors, 10 mucinous adenocarcinomas, or 3 yolk sac tumors of the ovary. Furthermore, expression of napsin A was not observed in the normal surface epithelium of the ovary, epithelia of the fallopian tubes, squamous epithelium, endocervical epithelium, or the endometrium of the uterus. Therefore, we propose that napsin A is another sensitive and specific marker for distinguishing ovarian clear cell tumors (especially adenocarcinomas) from other ovarian tumors.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 11 April 2014; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2014.61.
    Modern Pathology 04/2014; 28(1). DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2014.61 · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives Estrogen receptor (ER), gross cystic disease fluid protein 15 (GCDFP-15), and mammaglobin (MGB) are commonly used breast-specific immunomarkers; however, about half of metastatic breast carcinomas are negative for all three. GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA-3) has emerged recently as a sensitive and relatively specific immunomarker for breast and urothelial carcinomas, but the data documenting its expression in ER-negative breast carcinomas are limited; this often poses a dilemma in the setting of metastases. The purpose of this study is to investigate expression of GATA-3 in ER-negative breast carcinomas. Methods Immunohistochemical evaluation of GATA-3, GCDFP-15, and MGB on 96 ER-negative breast carcinomas was performed. Results Overall, 69% (66/96), 15% (14/96), and 35% (34/96) of ER-negative breast carcinomas expressed GATA-3, GCDFP-15, and MGB, respectively. Conclusions Our data suggest that GATA-3 is, so far, the best breast-specific immunomarker, especially when encountering ER-negative metastatic breast carcinomas. GATA-3 should be included in the panel of immunomarkers in the workup of tumors of unknown primary.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 05/2014; 141(5):648-55. DOI:10.1309/AJCP0Q9UQTEESLHN · 3.01 Impact Factor