Multipurpose Spectral Imager
The University Courses on Svalbard, 9170 Longyearbyen, Norway.Applied Optics (Impact Factor: 1.78). 07/2000; 39(18):3143-53. DOI: 10.1364/AO.39.003143
A small spectral imaging system is presented that images static or moving objects simultaneously as a function of wavelength. The main physical principle is outlined and demonstrated. The instrument is capable of resolving both spectral and spatial information from targets throughout the entire visible region. The spectral domain has a bandpass of 12 A. One can achieve the spatial domain by rotating the system's front mirror with a high-resolution stepper motor. The spatial resolution range from millimeters to several meters depends mainly on the front optics used and whether the target is fixed (static) or movable relative to the instrument. Different applications and examples are explored, including outdoor landscapes, industrial fish-related targets, and ground-level objects observed in the more traditional way from an airborne carrier (remote sensing). Through the examples, we found that the instrument correctly classifies whether a shrimp is peeled and whether it can disclose the spectral and spatial microcharacteristics of targets such as a fish nematode (parasite). In the macroregime, we were able to distinguish a marine vessel from the surrounding sea and sky. A study of the directional spectral albedo from clouds, mountains, snow cover, and vegetation has also been included. With the airborne experiment, the imager successfully classified snow cover, leads, and new and rafted ice, as seen from 10.000 ft (3.048 m).
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- "Development of hyperspectral imaging as a bio-optical tool 239 (R. Pettersen et al. unpublished), were measured with a custom made HI consisting of a solid-state push-broom HI, 2 cm long, 4 cm wide, 600 g, with power requirement of 12 V, 139 mA (Sigernes et al. 2000; Johnsen et al. 2013b). Frame rate was set to 25 images per second and the camera was equipped with a 12-mm Schneider (f:1.2) front lens with aperture set to 2.8 to enhance depth of field. "
ABSTRACT: Reflection spectra obtained from hyperspectral imaging can be used as a bio-optical taxonomic identification tool if the pigment composition and the corresponding optical absorption signatures of an organism are known. In this study we elucidate species-specific absorption and corresponding reflection signatures of marine organisms and discuss optical fingerprints from underwater hyperspectral imaging (UHI) for future automated identification of organisms on the seafloor. When mounted on underwater robots, UHI has the potential to be a time- and cost-efficient identification and mapping method covering large areas over a short time. Hyperspectral imaging in vivo and in situ were used to obtain species-specific reflection signatures (optical fingerprints). High performance liquid chromatography, liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance were used for pigment identification and to obtain species-specific absorption signatures of four marine benthic species; the spoonworm Bonellia viridis, and the sponges Isodictya palmata, Hymedesmia paupertas and Hymedesima sp. Species-specific optical fingerprints based on a UHI-based reflectance signature were verified successfully in the organisms investigated.Organisms Diversity & Evolution 06/2014; 14(2):237-246. DOI:10.1007/s13127-013-0163-1 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Traditional quality control of cod fillets is currently made by manual inspection on candling tables. This is a time consuming and expensive operation, contributing to a significant share of the cost with cod fillet production. In this study, transillumination hyperspectral imaging was implemented as a method for automatic nematode detection in cod fillets moving on a conveyer belt, and evaluated on industrially processed cod fillets. An overall detection rate of 58% of all nematodes (N= 922), with detection rate of 71% and 46% for dark and pale nematodes, respectively, is reported. This is comparable, or better, than what is reported for manual inspection under industrial conditions. The false alarm rate was high, with 60% of the fillets reported with one or more false alarms. These results show that the method is promising, but needs further refinements to reduce the false alarm rate and increase the imaging speed from 25 to 400 mm/s. Practical Application: Manual inspection of cod fillets is a huge bottleneck for the industry, accounting for half the production cost with cod fillet processing and reducing the processing speed. Transillumination hyperspectral imaging has the potential to reduce the manual labor required for cod fillet inspection and hence reduce the cost and increase the end product quality.Journal of Food Science 01/2011; 76(1):S77-83. DOI:10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01928.x · 1.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This document describes a proposal to construct and launch a new generation of polar orbiting micro satellites for Earth observation. The project is a joint venture with the Technical University of Berlin (TUB), University Centre on Svalbard (UNIS) and SVALSAT. The proposed micro satellite is designed for interactive Earth observation using a hyper spectral imager. The mission objective, the final configuration of the satellite, the ground segment, and the operation is described.
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