Beyond the "Hype" on the association between metabolic syndrome and atypical antipsychotics - The confounding effects of cohort, typical antipsychotics, severe mental illness, comedications, and comorbid substance use
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the rate of relapse as a function of antipsychotic treatment (monotherapy vs. polypharmacy) in schizophrenic patients over a 2-year period.
Using data from a multicenter cohort study conducted in France, we performed a propensity-adjusted analysis to examine the association between the rate of relapse over a 2-year period and antipsychotic treatment (monotherapy vs. polypharmacy).
Our sample consisted in 183 patients; 50 patients (27.3%) had at least one period of relapse and 133 had no relapse (72.7%). Thirty-eight (37.7) percent of the patients received polypharmacy. The most severely ill patients were given polypharmacy: the age at onset of illness was lower in the polypharmacy group (p = 0.03). Patients that received polypharmacy also presented a higher general psychopathology PANSS subscore (p = 0.04) but no statistically significant difference was found in the PANSS total score or the PANSS positive or negative subscales. These patients were more likely to be given prescriptions for sedative drugs (p < 0.01) and antidepressant medications (p = 0.03). Relapse was found in 23.7% of patients given monotherapy and 33.3% given polypharmacy (p = 0.16). After stratification according to quintiles of the propensity score, which eliminated all significant differences for baseline characteristics, antipsychotic polypharmacy was not statistically associated with an increase of relapse: HR = 1.686 (0.812; 2.505).
After propensity score adjustment, antipsychotic polypharmacy is not statistically associated to an increase of relapse. Future randomised studies are needed to assess the impact of antipsychotic polypharmacy in schizophrenia.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New generation antipsychotic (NGA) drugs introduced to the US market after clozapine (aripiprazole, olanzapine, paliperidone, quetiapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone) are frequently used in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). However, there is very limited research to fully establish evidence-based or personalized medicine approaches for their use in this population. These guidelines take a pragmatic approach to establishing frameworks for their use by utilizing the prescribing information and reviewing the available literature on other relevant neuropsychiatric disorders. In the absence of expert consensus guidance and well-controlled comparison trials, we present a set of guidelines to inform initiation, dosing and monitoring of use in adults. Further, in these guidelines we provide practical information on drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions, and a brief review of discontinuation syndromes, potential for abuse, use during pregnancy and cost considerations. We also provide drug utilization review forms for each NGA to facilitate implementation of these guidelines, these guidelines provide a practical and necessary resource for practitioners treating psychiatric disorders and challenging behaviors in adult individuals with ID.
Research in developmental disabilities 07/2009; 30(4):613-69. DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2008.10.010 · 4.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated concordance between self-perceived and measured weight status for persons with serious mental illness.
A total of 586 mental health clients assessed their weight as underweight, normal, overweight, or obese. The agreement between these self-assessments and the same categories based on measured body mass index was related to gender, ethnicity, education, age, and psychiatric diagnosis.
Three hundred consumers (51%) underestimated their weight (they thought they weighed less than they did); only 35 (6%) overestimated it. In logistic regression analyses, gender, education, and psychiatric diagnosis showed significant effects on accuracy of self-perception, but ethnicity and age did not.
People with serious mental illness are more likely than others to have weight problems, which contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality. However, they also tend to underestimate their weight. This gap between reality and self-perception must be addressed.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.