Necrotizing fasciitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Control and Prevention of Infectious Diseases, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa.
Internal Medicine (Impact Factor: 0.97). 02/2008; 47(6):553-6. DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.47.0651
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An 85-year-old man patient was admitted to the hospital complaining of fever and bilateral leg pain with swelling and erythema. A laboratory investigation revealed leukocytopenia, thus suggesting sepsis. Gram negative rods were detected in the specimen from the affected skin and empiric antibacterial therapy was initiated. The following day, his symptoms worsened and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from the blood culture and the skin specimen. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) did not show the typical characteristics of necrotizing fasciitis. In spite of intensive medical treatment, the patient's condition became critical, and on day 10 after admission, he died of multiple organ failure. An autopsy revealed necrotizing fasciitis due to P. aeruginosa. This is a rare case and its clinical presentation was atypical. The clinical diagnosis of this infection may be difficult, and therefore such cases warrant the careful attention of physicians.

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    • "Other studies have reported the lesion to occur on the trunk/back as well [3]; however, our patient had the lesion on both lower limbs. The predisposing factors are hematological malignancy, diabetes mellitus, and infancy in majority of the cases [9]. There are two main groups of necrotizing fasciitis depending on microbiology [1]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon rapidly progressing infection of soft tissue characterized by a severe inflammation of the fascia and soft tissue. The disease is associated with necrosis and subcutaneous gangrene of the inflamed tissue with systemic toxicity that carries a significant mortality unless timely diagnosed and aggressively treated. Monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an exceptionally uncommon condition with only few cases reported in the literature so far. We are reporting a six-month-old female infant who was previously healthy and who presented with necrotizing fasciitis and isolates Pseudomonas aeruginosa both from the blood and tissue. The child improved after the intensive treatment.
    11/2012; 2012:517135. DOI:10.1155/2012/517135
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    ABSTRACT: Three cases of periorbital necrotising fasciitis are described, one occurring in a three-year-old child. The cases in adults required debridement of necrotic tissue, in one of whom there was extensive disease involving the face and orbital fat. It is probable that the early stages of this condition are under-recognised; the importance of early signs and intensive treatment of this life-threatening disease are illustrated.
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    ABSTRACT: Necrotising fasciitis involving the periorbita is a devastating infection. Potential outcomes range from severe disfigurement, loss of the eye and even to death. Early recognition is critical, although its initially non-distinctive appearance frequently delays diagnosis and treatment. Herein, the authors have performed a systematic review of previously published cases including clinical features, diagnoses and differential diagnoses, pathological characteristics and management. Periorbital necrotising fasciitis is seen mainly in adults with a female predominance (54%); about one-half (47%) of the patients were previously healthy. The infection can follow local blunt trauma (17%), penetrating injuries (22%) and face surgery (11%), but in about one-third of cases (28%) no cause was identified. Non-specific erythema and localised painful swelling of the eyelids characterise the earliest manifestation of the disease, followed by formation of blisters and necrosis of the periorbital skin and subcutaneous tissues. The causative organism in periorbital infection was mainly β-haemolytic Streptococcus alone (50%), occasionally in combination with Staphylococcus aureus (18%). The overall mortality rate was 14.42%. The main risk factor for mortality was the type of causative organism, since all reported cases of death were caused by β-haemolytic Streptococcus alone or associated with other organisms. Unlike necrotising fasciitis affecting other body sites, there was not a strong correlation with age >50 years or the presence of associated chronic illness. Management of periorbital necrotising fasciitis is then based on early distinction of symptoms and signs and aggressive multidisciplinary treatment. Thus, the delay between initial debridement and initiating parenteral broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy should be considered the most critical factor influencing morbidity and mortality.
    The British journal of ophthalmology 11/2009; 94(12):1577-85. DOI:10.1136/bjo.2009.167486 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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