Primary leiomyosarcoma of the thyroid gland
ABSTRACT Primary leiomyosarcomas of the thyroid gland are rare. We present the case of a 65-year-old woman with a rapidly enlarging neck mass for 2 months. The preoperative differential diagnosis included medullary thyroid cancer, anaplastic thyroid cancer, and primary versus metastatic sarcoma. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy, bilateral central neck dissections, and cervical thymectomy; she is currently being treated with ifosfamide and adriamycin. We review the literature on leiomyosarcoma of the thyroid, including the differential diagnoses, pathology, and alternative treatment strategies, including surgery and adjuvant therapy.
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ABSTRACT: Malignant mesenchymoma of the thyroid is extremely rare. We report such a tumor involving the bilateral lobes of the thyroid which showed simultaneous chondrosarcomatous, osteosarcomatous, fibrosarcomatous and rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. The patient was a 52-year-old woman admitted with a history of facial swelling, neck thickness and swallowing discomfort of one month's duration. Sonographic examination indicated a thyroid mass involving the bilateral lobes. Macroscopically, the tumors of both lobes were well demarcated, solid, greyish-white, and multinodular on the cut surface. Some nodules were translucent in appearance and hard in texture. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of small primitive mesenchymal cells with osteoid formation resembling the small cell variant of osteosarcoma interspersed with multiple cartilaginous nodules that indicated chondrosarcomatous differentiation. Some tumor cells showed prominent rhabdomyoblastic differentiation with eosinophilic cytoplasm and eccentric nuclei. Fibrosarcomatous areas were also observed. Immunohistochemically, the small primitive mesenchymal cells were positive for vimentin and CD99 and negative for CD56, Syn, CgA, CK, TG, TTF-1, calcitonin, and S-100. The tumor cells in the rhabdomyosarcomatous area were MyoD1 and muscle-specific actin positive. Molecular analysis for BRAFand RAS gene alterations showed no point mutation. The tumor recurred four months after surgery and tumor thrombi were suspected in the bilateral internal carotid arteries on ultrasonography. Primary malignant mesenchymoma of the thyroid is a high-grade malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. Its differerential diagnosis includes anaplastic carcinoma and other rare sarcomas with chondroid, osteoid, and other mesenchymal metaplasia.Tumori 96(2):345-8. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The most common malignant tumor of the thyroid is papillary carcinoma. Sarcoma of the thyroid is encountered very rarely; its therapy is complex and poses significant problems due to the problematic location of the tumor. A 14-year-old female was diagnosed with undifferentiated sarcoma of the thyroid and received combined therapy comprising surgery, chemo- and radiotherapy without significant side effects. This case underlines the fact that undifferentiated thyroid sarcoma may be a diagnostic possibility in children with malignant masses of the neck and may be successfully treated with modern therapeutic strategies.Pediatric Blood & Cancer 01/2010; 54(7):1038-40. DOI:10.1002/pbc.22435 · 2.56 Impact Factor
- Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 01/2010; 54(3). DOI:10.1590/S0004-27302010000300012 · 0.68 Impact Factor