Photofragmentation of 2-deoxy-D-ribose molecules in the gas phase.
ABSTRACT We have measured the synchrotron-induced photofragmentation of isolated 2-deoxy-D-ribose molecules (C(5)H(10)O(4)) at four photon energies, namely, 23.0, 15.7, 14.6, and 13.8 eV. At all photon energies above the molecule's ionization threshold we observe the formation of a large variety of molecular cation fragments, including CH(3) (+), OH(+), H(3)O(+), C(2)H(3) (+), C(2)H(4) (+), CH(x)O(+) (x=1,2,3), C(2)H(x)O(+) (x=1-5), C(3)H(x)O(+) (x=3-5), C(2)H(4)O(2) (+), C(3)H(x)O(2) (+) (x=1,2,4-6), C(4)H(5)O(2) (+), C(4)H(x)O(3) (+) (x=6,7), C(5)H(7)O(3) (+), and C(5)H(8)O(3) (+). The formation of these fragments shows a strong propensity of the DNA sugar to dissociate upon absorption of vacuum ultraviolet photons. The yields of particular fragments at various excitation photon energies in the range between 10 and 28 eV are also measured and their appearance thresholds determined. At all photon energies, the most intense relative yield is recorded for the m/q=57 fragment (C(3)H(5)O(+)), whereas a general intensity decrease is observed for all other fragments- relative to the m/q=57 fragment-with decreasing excitation energy. Thus, bond cleavage depends on the photon energy deposited in the molecule. All fragments up to m/q=75 are observed at all photon energies above their respective threshold values. Most notably, several fragmentation products, for example, CH(3) (+), H(3)O(+), C(2)H(4) (+), CH(3)O(+), and C(2)H(5)O(+), involve significant bond rearrangements and nuclear motion during the dissociation time. Multibond fragmentation of the sugar moiety in the sugar-phosphate backbone of DNA results in complex strand lesions and, most likely, in subsequent reactions of the neutral or charged fragments with the surrounding DNA molecules.
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ABSTRACT: We have investigated experimentally the formation of anions and cations of deoxyribose sugar (C(5)H(10)O(4)) via inelastic electron interaction (attachment/ionization) using a monochromatic electron beam in combination with a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The ion yields were measured as a function of the incident electron energy between about 0 and 20 eV. As in the case of other biomolecules (nucleobases and amino acids), low energy electron attachment leads to destruction of the molecule via dissociative electron attachment reactions. In contrast to the previously investigated biomolecules dehydrogenation is not the predominant reaction channel for deoxyribose; the anion with the highest dissociative electron attachment (DEA) cross section of deoxyribose is formed by the release of neutral particles equal to two water molecules. Moreover, several of the DEA reactions proceed already with "zero energy" incident electrons. In addition, the fragmentation pattern of positively charged ions of deoxyribose also indicates strong decomposition of the molecule by incident electrons. For sugar the relative amount of fragment ions compared to that of the parent cation is about an order of magnitude larger than in the case of nucleobases. We determined an ionization energy value for C(5)H(10)O(4) (+) of 10.51+/-0.11 eV, which is in good agreement with ab initio calculations. For the fragment ion C(5)H(6)O(2) (+) we obtained a threshold energy lower than the ionization energy of the parent molecular ion. All of these results have important bearing for the question of what happens in exposure of living tissue to ionizing radiation. Energy deposition into irradiated cells produces electrons as the dominant secondary species. At an early time after irradiation these electrons exist as ballistic electrons with an initial energy distribution up to several tens of electron volts. It is just this energy regime for which we find in the present study rather characteristic differences in the outcome of electron interaction with the deoxyribose molecule compared to other nucleobases (studied earlier). Therefore, damage induced by these electrons to the DNA or RNA strands may start preferentially at the ribose backbone. In turn, damaged deoxyribose is known as a key intermediate in producing strand breaks, which are the most severe form of lesion in radiation damage to DNA and lead subsequently to cell death.The Journal of Chemical Physics 06/2004; 120(18):8505-11. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Positive ion desorption from thin films of DNA components, 2-deoxy-d-ribose, thymine, thymidine (dThd), and thymidine 5'-monophosphate (dTMP) was investigated in the oxygen K- shell edge excitation region using synchrotron ultrasoft X rays (538 eV). A large number of molecular fragments, H(+), CH(x)(+), C(2)H(x)(+), CO(+), CH(x)O(+), C(3)H(x)(+), C(2)H(x)O(+) and C(3)H(x)O(+) (x = 1, 2 and 3), were observed as desorbed ions from 2-deoxy-d-ribose. Some of these ions are related to simultaneous bond scission at particular C-C and C-O (or C-C) bonds in the furanose ring structure in the 2-deoxy-d-ribose molecule, indicating that the impact of photons on the oxygen atom and the impact of ejected secondary electrons (e.g. Auger electrons) cause an intense destruction of the furanose ring structure. In thymine thin films, H(+), CH(x)(+), CO(+), CH(x)O(+), C(2)H(x)N(+) and CH(x)NO(+) (x = 1, 2 and 3) fragments were observed. The yields of these ions were smaller than the yields from 2-deoxy-d-ribose. The desorption of CH(3)(+) from thymine might induce a molecular conversion from thymine to uracil. The mass patterns of dThd and dTMP, and especially that of dTMP, were similar to that of 2-deoxy-d-ribose, indicating that a number of ions were generated at the sugar site, even in the nucleotide molecule. It is therefore predicted that the sugar moiety is more fragile than the thymine base.Radiation Research 05/2004; 161(4):435-41. · 2.70 Impact Factor
- Chemical Reviews 06/1998; 98(3):1089-1108. · 41.30 Impact Factor