Association of inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms with platelet recovery in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura patients after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan.
Digestion (Impact Factor: 2.03). 02/2008; 77(2):73-8. DOI: 10.1159/000121392
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is associated with the cytokine response and dysregulation of the cytokine network. Gene polymorphisms of proinflammatory cytokines are associated with several diseases including ITP. Recently, the successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori has been reported to improve the platelet counts in some patients with ITP. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between cytokine gene polymorphisms and platelet recovery in ITP patients after the eradication of H. pylori.
Gastric H. pylori infection was confirmed using a culture method or specific IgG antibodies against H. pylori in the serum. Thirty-six adult H. pylori-positive ITP patients received antibiotic therapy for H. pylori. The response to treatment was defined as complete response (CR) if the platelet count was above 150 x 10(3)/microl and partial response (PR) if the platelet count increased by more than 50 x 10(3)/mul above the pretreatment count. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and polymorphisms in IL-1B (-31, -511), IL-1RN (long or short), TNFA (-308) and TNFB (+252) were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).
Of the 36 ITP patients, twenty patients (responders) exhibited a platelet response after successful H. pylori eradication therapy, but the other patients (nonresponders) did not. There were no statistical differences in the frequencies of polymorphisms in IL-1B, IL-1RN and TNFA genes between responders and nonresponders. In contrast, the frequency of responders in ITP patients with the TNFB G/G or G/A genotype was significantly higher (69.6%) than that with the TNFB A/A genotype (30.8%). Conclusion: The TNFB (+252) G/G or G/A genotype may therefore be a good predictor of platelet recovery in ITP patients after the eradication of H. pylori.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the most common infection in humans, with a marked disparity between developed and developing countries. Although H. pylori infections are asymptomatic in most infected individuals, they are intimately related to malignant gastric conditions such as gastric cancer and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and to benign diseases such as gastritis and duodenal and gastric peptic ulcers. Since it was learned that bacteria could colonize the gastric mucosa, there have been reports in the medical literature of over 50 extragastric manifestations involving a variety medical areas of specialization. These areas include cardiology, dermatology, endocrinology, gynecology and obstetrics, hematology, pneumology, odontology, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology and pediatrics, and they encompass conditions with a range of clear evidence between the H. pylori infection and development of the disease. This literature review covers extragastric manifestations of H. pylori infection in the hematology field. It focuses on conditions that are included in international consensus and management guides for H. pylori infection, specifically iron deficiency, vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency, immune thrombocytopenia, and MALT lymphoma. In addition, there is discussion of other conditions that are not included in international consensus and management guides on H. pylori, including auto-immune neutropenia, antiphospholipid syndrome, plasma cell dyscrasias, and other hematologic diseases.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2014; 20(36):12818-12838. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i36.12818 · 2.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Helicobacter pylori and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) association is not well established in chronic ITP (cITP) in children, although the cure of thrombocytopenia in approximately half of H. pylori eradicated adult patients has been described. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of H. pylori eradication on platelet (PLT) recovery in cITP children and adolescents through a randomized, controlled trial. A total of 85 children (mean age 11.4 years) with cITP were prospectively enrolled. Diagnosis of H. pylori was established by two locally validated tests, (13)C-urea breath test and monoclonal stool antigen test. Twenty-two infected patients were identified, and randomly allocated into two groups: H. pylori treatment group (n = 11) and the non-intervention control group (n = 11). The control group was offered treatment if the thrombocytopenia persisted after the follow-up. At baseline, there were no differences regarding age, sex, duration of disease, and PLT count between groups. Sixty three of 85 patients were uninfected. PLT response was classified as complete response: PLT > 150 × 10(9 )l(-1); partial response: PLT 50-150 × 10(9 )l(-1), or an increase of 20-30 × 10(9 )l(-1); no response: PLT < 50 × 10(9 )l(-1) or an increase of <20 × 10(9 )l(-1) after at least 6 months of follow-up. Complete response was observed in 60.0% (6/10, one excluded) H. pylori eradicated patients vs. 18.2% (2/11) in non-eradicated patients (p = 0.08; OR = 6.75) after 6-9 months of follow-up. Among uninfected patients, only 13.8% (8/58) presented complete response. Two non-treated controls were treated after 6-12 months of follow-up, and PLT response was observed in 61.5% (8/13) of H. pylori eradicated patients, and in 19.0% (11/58) of uninfected patients (p = 0.004). Cytotoxin associated gene A and vacuolating cytotoxin gene A IgG antibodies were present in almost all infected patients. Therefore, the study suggests that H. pylori eradication plays a role in the management of H. pylori infected cITP children and adolescents.
    Platelets 05/2014; DOI:10.3109/09537104.2014.911836 · 2.63 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disease mediated by anti-platelet autoantibodies. There is growing evidence that the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) effectively increases platelet count in a considerable proportion of ITP patients infected with this bacterium. In the majority of ITP patients responding to H. pylori eradication therapy, the anti-platelet autoantibody response is completely resolved with no relapse for more than 7 years, indicating that the disease is cured. Therefore, adult patients with suspected ITP should be examined for H. pylori infection, and eradication therapy is recommended if the infection is present. Notably, however, the efficacy of H. pylori eradication therapy in ITP patients varies widely among countries, with a higher response rate in Japan compared with the United States and European countries other than Italy. The pathogenesis of H. pylori-associated ITP is still uncertain, although the mechanisms are known to involve multiple factors. H. pylori may modulate the Fcγ-receptor balance of monocytes/macrophages in favor of activating Fcγ receptors, and H. pylori components may mimic the molecular makeup of platelet antigens. Further studies of the pathogenic process of H. pylori-associated ITP may be useful for the development of new therapeutic strategies for ITP.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2014; 20(3):714-723. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i3.714 · 2.43 Impact Factor