Association of race, age and body mass index with gross pathology of uterine fibroids.

Laboratory of Experimental Pathology and Biostatistics Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.
The Journal of reproductive medicine (Impact Factor: 0.58). 03/2008; 53(2):90-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine the associations of race, age and body mass index (BMI) with the gross pathology parameters of uterine leiomyomas in premenopausal women undergoing hysterectomy or myomectomy.
Participants (N = 107) were recruited from surgical rosters of the George Washington University (GWU) Medical Center Gynecology Department as part of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Fibroid Study. Tumor data and patient demographics were obtained from clinical reports, pathology forms and interviews.
Surgical cases consisted of 78% African Americans, 13% Caucasians and 9% others (non-African American, non-Caucasian or race unknown). This proportion of African Americans was significantly higher than the distribution of GWU health plan participants. Fibroids were localized predominantly within the intramural region. Subserosal tumors were more common in patients with more than 9 tumors. African Americans had the highest mean BMI and mean myomatous uterine weight.
African Americans were the disproportionate majority coming to surgery for fibroids. The average BMI and uterine weight were greater in African Americans than in Caucasians, although these differences were marginal. Race did not influence the size, location or number of fibroids in these surgical cases. Subserosal tumors were more common in patients with more than 9 tumors.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Common gynecologic conditions and surgeries may vary significantly by race or ethnicity. Uterine fibroid tumors are more prevalent in black women, and black women may have larger, more numerous fibroid tumors that cause worse symptoms and greater myomectomy complications. Some, but not all, studies have found a higher prevalence of endometriosis among Asian women. Race and ethnicity are also associated with hysterectomy rate, route, and complications. Overall, the current literature has significant deficits in the identification of racial and ethnic disparities in the incidence of fibroid tumors, endometriosis, and hysterectomy. Further research is needed to better define racial and ethnic differences in these conditions and to examine the complex mechanisms that may result in associated health disparities.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 06/2010; 202(6):514-21. DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2010.02.039 · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of BMI on the prevalence of fibroids and uterine weight. Uterine pathology specimens of all the women who underwent hysterectomy for benign indications from 1995 to 2002 were studied. Patient characteristics such as age, race, body mass index (BMI), and parity were collected by chart review. The data were statistically analyzed using a 1-way analysis of variance and regression analysis. Uterine weight and fibroids were the dependent variables and BMI, age, and parity were the independent variables. The correlation between BMI and the presence/number of fibroids and their size was also studied. Among the 873 patients who underwent hysterectomy for benign indications, 47.1% were obese and these women had the highest mean uterine weight of 349.53 g. Overall, BMI had a significant correlation with the uterine size (P<0.0001). For every 1-point increase in BMI, uterine weight increased by 7.56 g. BMI positively correlated with uterine size both in the women with fibroids (P=0.038) and in those without fibroids (P=0.016). After controlling for fibroids, every 1-point increase in BMI resulted in an increase of 4.56 g in uterine weight (P<0.0001). In addition, there was a significant correlation between BMI and the presence of fibroids (P<0.0001), but not with the size of fibroids (P=0.11). A significant correlation was found between BMI and uterine weight in all the women, independent of age and parity. For every 1-point increase in BMI, there was a 7.56 g increase in uterine weight. This association needs to be further assessed in healthy women without uterine pathology.
    International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists 09/2010; 29(6):568-71. DOI:10.1097/PGP.0b013e3181e8ae64 · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Non-puerperal uterine inversion is a rare condi-tion that occurs as a complication of intrauterine tumors, especially giant submucosal leiomyomas. This condition can cause severe pain and hemorrhage. Management can consist of manual repositioning through the cervical ring, or surgical corrective measures. We report here a case of uterine inversion following the prolapse of a submucosal leiomyoma, managed by laparotomy. We also discuss alternative therapeutic approaches.
    Clinics in Mother and Child Health 01/2011; 8. DOI:10.4303/cmch/C110602