The effect of pulp obliteration on pulpal vitality of orthodontically intruded traumatized teeth.
ABSTRACT Limited information exists on the impact of pulp obliteration on pulpal vitality of orthodontically treated traumatized teeth. Pulpal condition was examined in 269 traumatized maxillary incisors after orthodontic intrusion (OT group) and in 193 traumatized maxillary incisors without subsequent orthodontic treatment (C group). According to the degree of initial pulp obliteration, the teeth were divided into three categories: teeth without, teeth with partial, and teeth with total pulp obliteration. Teeth in the OT group revealed a significantly higher rate of pulp necrosis than teeth in the C group (p < 0.001). In addition, teeth in the OT group with total pulp obliteration showed a significantly higher rate of pulp necrosis than teeth without (p < 0.001) or only partial pulp obliteration (p = 0.025). The results indicate that traumatized teeth with total pulp obliteration have a higher susceptibility to pulpal complications during orthodontic intrusion than traumatized teeth without or only partial pulp obliteration.
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ABSTRACT: Orthodontic tooth movement has been implicated in secondary changes to the dental pulp. The purpose of this study was to correlate the effects of orthodontic tooth movement on the dental pulp by histomorphometric parameters. Four groups, each consisting of 36 male adult Sprague-Dawley strain rats, were studied with differing force magnitudes. These included a sham group in addition to groups with bilaterally placed appliances activated to 20, 40, and 60 g of initial force designed to mesially tip the maxillary first molars. Six rats were killed at 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 days. Specimens were fixed, embedded, and stained with tetrachrome. Pulpal measurements were made with an image analyzer and included changes in predentin and vascularity. Findings indicated a significant increase (p < or = 0.05) relative to time and force magnitude in capillary number. An initial pulpal hyperemia was observed following activation of orthodontic force which was unrelated to force magnitude. A force-dependent increase in predentin width was measured at the peak of the tooth movement cycle.Journal of Endodontics 02/1993; 19(1):13-6. · 2.93 Impact Factor
- Endodontics & dental traumatology 07/1987; 3(3):103-15.
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ABSTRACT: The pulpal response to orthodontic force is thought to involve cell damage, inflammation, and wound healing. These situations are likely to be associated with the release of angiogenic growth factors. We therefore investigated human dental pulps to determine if angiogenic changes could be detected after orthodontic force application. Fifteen premolar teeth were treated with straight-wire fixed orthodontic appliances for two weeks, and comparisons were made with 15 untreated control premolar teeth from the same subjects. The teeth were extracted and sectioned. The pulps were removed, divided into 1-mm sections, embedded in collagen, and cultured in growth media for up to four weeks. Cultures were examined daily, by light microscopy, for growth and number of microvessels. Apparent microvessels were observed within five days. Confirmation of microvessel identification was by electron microscopy for endothelial cell morphology. There were significantly greater numbers of microvessels at day five and day ten of culture in the pulp explants from orthodontically treated teeth compared with those from the pulps of control teeth. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that there is an increase in angiogenic growth factors in the pulp of orthodontically moved teeth.Journal of Dental Research 11/1996; 75(10):1761-6. · 3.83 Impact Factor