Faith-based intervention in depression, anxiety, and other mental disturbances.
ABSTRACT To determine if the effects of using the Steps to Freedom would be beneficial for a group of individuals who attended a Christian Conference.
A user-friendly 12-item questionnaire was used to monitor the outcomes of Steps to Freedom addressing six symptom/behavioral problems and six function areas. In addition, the Symptom Checklist-90 R (SCL-90-R) questionnaire was employed to document the validity of the shorter questionnaire. The questionnaires were completed before and after the administration of the Steps to Freedom. The Wilcoxon matched pairs test was used to measure the significance of the findings for the 12-item questionnaire.
Thirty-three clients who went through the Steps to Freedom showed statistically significant improvement (P < or = 0.005) at 3 to 4 months in all symptom/behavior categories (items 1-6). All function areas (items 7-12) also demonstrated statistically significant improvement (P < or = 0.05). A comparison group who did not attend the conference or receive counseling showed no significant changes during the same period.
These significant preliminary findings need to be confirmed by additional studies. Steps to Freedom model prayers, used by individual patients personally and/or with a counselor, could expand the care and hopefully lower the cost of mental illness.
SourceAvailable from: Corina R. Ronneberg[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Approximately 20% of older adults are diagnosed with depression in the United States. Extant research suggests that engagement in religious activity, or religiosity, may serve as a protective factor against depression. This prospective study examines whether religiosity protects against depression and/or aids in recovery.The Gerontologist 07/2014; DOI:10.1093/geront/gnu073 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of religiosity on the trajectories of depressive symptoms in a sample of community-dwelling older adults over a four-year period in a Southern state in the U.S. Data from the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging were analyzed using a hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) method. This study involved 1000 participants aged 65 and above (M age = 75 at baseline, SD = 5.97) and data were collected annually from 1999 to 2003. The Geriatric Depression Scale measured depressive symptoms; the Duke University Religion Index measured religious service attendance, prayer, and intrinsic religiosity; and control variables included sociodemographics, health, and social and economic factors. The HLM analysis indicated a curvilinear trajectory of depressive symptoms over time. At baseline, participants who attended religious services more frequently tended to report fewer depressive symptoms. Participants with the highest levels of intrinsic religiosity at baseline experienced a steady decline in the number of depressive symptoms over the four-year period, while those with lower levels of intrinsic religiosity experienced a short-term decline followed by an increase in the number of depressive symptoms. In addition to facilitating access to health, social support and financial resources for older adults, service professionals might consider culturally appropriate, patient-centered interventions that boost the salutary effects of intrinsic religiosity on depressive symptoms.Aging and Mental Health 03/2012; 16(2):189-98. DOI:10.1080/13607863.2011.602959 · 1.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pain is ubiquitous, and occurs in varying domains including emotional and mental anguish, with intensities that vary from mild to debilitating, and roles such as interpersonal or spiritual distress. The way people and caregivers cope with pain may be adaptive or maladaptive depending on the nature of the pain. We propose a typology of pain that invites reflection on these components in each case in order to discern best alleviation. In our application of the proposed model we consider a range of treatment options practiced by counselors and available to those who are suffering. This multi-perspective approach to treatment informs both our discussion and its usefulness for most practitioners who employ some form of intra-disciplinary integration.Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health 07/2010; 12(3):182-194. DOI:10.1080/19349637.2010.498689