Association between GERD-related erosive esophagitis and obesity.
ABSTRACT To date, many studies have reported on the association of obesity with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), although none of these have been systematic. In light of this, we conducted this study to examine the association of obesity and GERD.
A total of 3363 patients underwent gastroscopy at Hanyang University Health Promotion Center. Among these patients, we prospectively examined patients who were diagnosed with GERD-related erosive esophagitis on endoscopy.
Multivariate analysis showed that the significant risk factors were waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), hiatal hernia, body mass index (BMI), and smoking. As compared with patients who had a WHR less than 0.8, the multivariate odds ratio for erosive esophagitis were 4.055 for a WHR more than 1.0 and 2.316 for a WHR of 0.8 to 1.0. As compared with patients who had a BMI of 20 to 22.5, the multivariate odds ratio for erosive esophagitis was 3.308 (95% confidence interval, 1.792 to 6.107) for a BMI greater than 30.
Obesity, especially abdominal obesity, was the significant risk factor for erosive esophagitis.
- SourceAvailable from: Prasad G. Iyer[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: & Aims: Central adiposity has been implicated as a risk factor for Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), possibly promoting the progression from inflammation to metaplasia and neoplasia. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to evaluate the association between central adiposity and erosive esophagitis (EE), BE, and EAC, specifically exploring body mass index (BMI)-independent and gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)-independent effects of central adiposity on the risk of these outcomes. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of multiple databases through March 2013. Studies were included if they reported effect of central adiposity (visceral adipose tissue area, waist-hip ratio, and/or waist circumference) on the risk of EE, BE, and EAC. Summary-adjusted odds ratio (aOR) estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CI), comparing highest category of adiposity to the lowest category of adiposity, were calculated using random-effects model. RESULTS: Forty relevant articles were identified. Compared to patients with normal body habitus, patients with central adiposity had a higher risk of EE (19 studies; aOR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.51-2.31) and BE (17 studies; aOR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.52-2.57). The association between central adiposity and BE persisted after adjusting for BMI (5 studies; aOR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.20-2.95). Reflux-independent association of central adiposity and BE was observed in studies that used GERD patients as controls or adjusted for GERD symptoms (11 studies; aOR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.44-2.90). In 6 studies, central adiposity was associated with a higher risk of EAC (aOR, 2.51; 95% CI, 1.54-4.06), compared to normal body habitus. CONCLUSIONS: Based on a meta-analysis, central adiposity, independent of BMI, promotes the progression of esophageal inflammation (EE) to metaplasia (BE) and neoplasia (EAC). Its effects are mediated by reflux-dependent and -independent mechanisms.Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology: the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association 05/2013; · 5.64 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Abdominal obesity has been associated with erosive oesophagitis (EO) and Barrett's oesophagus (BO). As gluteofemoral obesity protects against diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, we hypothesised that gluteofemoral obesity would be inversely associated with EO and BO. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 822 male colorectal cancer screenees who were recruited to also undergo upper endoscopy. An additional 80 patients with BO clinically detected by upper endoscopy referred for clinical indications were recruited shortly after their diagnoses of BO. Logistic regression was used to estimate the effects of abdominal obesity (waist circumference), gluteofemoral obesity (hip circumference) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) on EO and BO (vs neither condition). RESULTS: There were 225 cases of either BO or EO and 675 controls. After adjustment for potential confounders, a positive association was observed between waist circumference and BO and/or EO, which became stronger with further adjustment for hip circumference. In contrast, hip circumference was inversely associated with BO and/or EO. Compared with the lowest quartile of WHR, the adjusted ORs were 1.32 (95% CI 0.747 to 2.33) for the 2nd quartile, 1.54 (95% CI 0.898 to 2.63) for the 3rd quartile, and 2.68 (95% CI 1.57 to 4.55) for the highest quartile. Similar results were obtained for BO and EO treated as separate outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In a population of older, mostly overweight men, the distribution of obesity is associated with the presence of EO and BO. Abdominal obesity appears to increase the risk of these outcomes, whereas gluteofemoral obesity may be protective.Gut 03/2013; · 13.32 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common causes of chronic cough and is a potential risk factor for the exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for reflux esophagitis (RE) in COPD patients.The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 07/2014; 29(4):466-73.