Elevated levels of both cardiomyocyte membrane and myofibril damage markers predict adverse outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure.
ABSTRACT Recent studies have shown the presence of ongoing myocardial damage in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) detected by myofibril and membrane damage markers, cardiac troponin T (TnT) and heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), which identifies patients at increased risk of a future cardiac event (CE: death or rehospitalization because of worsening CHF). There is a difference between TnT and H-FABP in their release kinetics following myocardial damage.
TnT and H-FABP were measured in 103 patients with CHF and in 31 controls. Patients were classified into 4 groups based on detectable (>or=0.01 ng/ml) or undetectable TnT (TnT+ or TnT-) and H-FABP >or= or <4.5 ng/ml (mean + 2 standard deviations in controls) (high-H-FABP or low-H-FABP). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the CE-free rate (n=43) was significantly lower in patients with TnT+ and high-H-FABP than in patients in the other 3 groups (patients with TnT+ and low-H-FABP, TnT- and high-H-FABP, and TnT- and low-H-FABP; p=0.02, p=0.001 and p=0.0002, respectively). In stepwise multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, TnT+ (p=0.01) and high-H-FABP (p=0.04) were independent predictors of future CE.
Elevated levels of both TnT and H-FABP predict adverse outcomes in CHF patients.
- SourceAvailable from: Armin W Gorski[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fatty acid binding protein (FABP) is an intracellular transport protein associated with myocardial damage size in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Furthermore, elevated FABP serum concentrations are related to a number of common comorbidities, such as heart failure, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, and metabolic syndrome, which represent important risk factors for postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Data are lacking on the association between preoperative FABP serum level and postoperative incidence of AKI.BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 09/2014; 14(1):117. · 1.46 Impact Factor
- International Journal of Cardiology 08/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biomarkers predicting adverse outcomes in non-surgical intensive care patients have not been reported. Data for 1,006 emergency department patients were prospectively analyzed. The serum heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (s-H-FABP) level was measured within 10 min of admission. The patients were assigned to intensive care (n = 835) or other departments (n = 171). The intensive care patients were divided into survivors (n = 745) and non-survivors (n = 90) according to the in-hospital mortality and assigned to four groups according to the quartiles of s-H-FABP (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4). The s-H-FABP levels were significantly higher in the intensive care patients (12.7 [6.1-38.8] ng/ml versus 5.3 [3.1-9.4] ng/ml) and in the non-survivors (44.9 [23.2-87.6] ng/ml versus 11.5 [5.6-32.6] ng/ml). A Kaplan-Meier curve showed a significantly higher survival rate in Q3 than in Q1 and Q2 and in Q4 than in the other groups. The multivariate Cox regression model identified Q3 (HR 4.646, 95 % CI 1.526-14.146) and Q4 (HR 9.483, 95 % CI 3.152-28.525) as independent predictors of 90-day mortality. The sensitivity and specificity of H-FABP for in-hospital mortality were 81.1 and 66.0 % (AUC 0.775) at 20.95 ng/ml. The in-hospitality rate was significantly higher in the high s-H-FABP patients than in the low s-H-FABP patients in each etiology group. The s-H-FABP level is an effective biomarker for risk stratification in non-surgical intensive care patients.Clinical Research in Cardiology 05/2014; · 3.67 Impact Factor