Formulation and in vitro studies of a fixed-dose combination of a bilayer matrix tablet containing metformin HCl as sustained release and glipizide as immediate release.
ABSTRACT The emerging new fixed dose combination of metformin hydrocholride (HCl) as sustained release and glipizide as immediate release were formulated as a bilayer matrix tablet using hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) as the matrix-forming polymer, and the tablets were evaluated via in vitro studies. Three different grades of HPMC (HPMC K 4M, HPMC K 15M, and HPMC K 100M) were used. All tablet formulations yielded quality matrix preparations with satisfactory tableting properties. In vitro release studies were carried out at a phosphate buffer of pH 6.8 with 0.75% sodium lauryl sulphate w/v using the apparatus I (basket) as described in the United States Pharmacopeia (2000). The release kinetics of metformin were evaluated using the regression coefficient analysis. There was no significant difference in drug release for different viscosity grade of HPMC with the same concentration. Tablet thus formulated provided sustained release of metformin HCl over a period of 8 hours and glipizide as immediate release.