The aim of this investigation was to develop and evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a parental support intervention. A new measure of perceived parental support for stopping smoking was also developed. The sample included 59 adolescent-parent pairs recruited from a mid-sized Midwestern town during 2000-2003. The mean +/- SD age of the participants (32 males, 27 females) was 16.3 +/- 0.9 (range 14-18) years and 86% were Caucasian, 7% American Indian, 5% African American, and 2% Hispanic. Participants were randomized to parental support or minimum behavioral intervention. Severity of nicotine dependence was evaluated using the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire, and perceived social support was evaluated using the Family Environment Scale and the new measure of perceived parent support for stopping smoking that was developed as part of this investigation. Treatment attendance, adherence, and acceptability were also evaluated. The parental support intervention was feasible but not superior to the minimum behavioral intervention with respect to attendance, retention, or change in support. This study expands on the knowledge of treating adolescent smokers and presents a new assessment measure. The study's limitations are noted. This investigation was funded by NICHHD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epidemiological characteristics in tobacco smoking among adolescents were investigated in Thessaloniki, Greece.
The target sample was 1,221 students coming from 15 high schools.
Cigarette smoking was higher among girls than boys (40.9% vs. 34.3%). However, the percentage of boys who were smoking more than 20 cigarettes per day was found larger than the relevant percentage of girls (81.2% vs. 75% of total smokers). The boys also reported an earlier initiation of tobacco use (12.7 years vs. 12.9 years in girls). Physical activity was negatively correlated with smoking, whereas drinking alcohol and low parental education were positively correlated with smoking.
Health promotion programs should be instituted not only during adolescence, but rather before the age of 14.
International Journal of Public Health 02/2008; 53(4):204-7. DOI:10.1007/s00038-008-8001-5 · 2.70 Impact Factor
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