Front-line treatment of Philadelphia positive chronic myeloid leukemia with imatinib and interferon-alpha: 5-year outcome.
ABSTRACT In 2004, we reported the short-term results of a multicentric, phase 2 study of imatinib 400 mg daily and pegylated interferon-alpha in the treatment of 76 early chronic phase Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia patients. In this report, we update the results with an observation time of five years. After two years of treatment, all but 10 patients (13%) had discontinued pegylated interferon-alpha. The complete cytogenetic response rate at five years was 87%, and 94% of complete cytogenetic responders maintained the complete cytogenetic response after five years. All but one complete cytogenetic response also achieved a major molecular response. These data confirm the excellent response to imatinib front-line and the stability of the complete cytogenetic response. Any possible additional benefit of the combination with interferon-alpha remains uncertain, due to low patient compliance.
- SourceAvailable from: bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Imatinib mesylate (STI571) is effective in chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). However, most patients treated with 400 mg imatinib daily have variable levels of residual molecular disease. We treated 114 patients with newly diagnosed chronic phase CML with 400 mg imatinib twice daily. Overall, 109 patients (96%) had a major cytogenetic response (Philadelphia chromosome [Ph] < 35%), and 103 (90%) had a complete response (Ph 0%). With a median follow-up of 15 months, no patient has progressed to accelerated or blastic phase. The estimated 2-year survival rate was 94%. By quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) studies, 71 (63%) of 112 patients showed BCR-ABL/ABL percentage ratios decrease to less than 0.05%, and 31 (28%) to undetectable levels. Compared with standard-dose imatinib, high-dose imatinib was associated with significantly better complete cytogenetic response (P =.0005), major molecular response (QPRC < 0.05%; P =.00001), and complete molecular response (undetectable BCR-ABL; P =.001). High-dose imatinib was well tolerated but resulted in more frequent myelosuppression; 82% of patients continue to receive 600 mg or more of imatinib daily. In conclusion, high-dose imatinib induced higher rates of complete cytogenetic response and of molecular response in patients with newly diagnosed chronic phase CML.Blood 04/2004; 103(8):2873-8. · 9.06 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The introduction of imatinib mesylate (IM) has revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Although experience is too limited to permit evidence-based evaluation of survival, the available data fully justify critical reassessment of CML management. The panel therefore reviewed treatment of CML since 1998. It confirmed the value of IM (400 mg/day) and of conventional allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). It recommended that the preferred initial treatment for most patients newly diagnosed in chronic phase should now be 400 mg IM daily. A dose increase of IM, alloHSCT, or investigational treatments were recommended in case of failure, and could be considered in case of suboptimal response. Failure was defined at 3 months (no hematologic response [HR]), 6 months (incomplete HR or no cytogenetic response [CgR]), 12 months (less than partial CgR [Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) > 35%]), 18 months (less than complete CgR), and in case of HR or CgR loss, or appearance of highly IM-resistant BCR-ABL mutations. Suboptimal response was defined at 3 months (incomplete HR), 6 months (less than partial CgR), 12 months (less than complete CgR), 18 months (less than major molecular response [MMolR]), and, in case of MMolR loss, other mutations or other chromosomal abnormalities. The importance of regular monitoring at experienced centers was highlighted.Blood 10/2006; 108(6):1809-20. · 9.06 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fifty patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in early chronic phase received imatinib mesylate, 400 mg orally daily. After a median follow-up of 9 months, 49 patients (98%) achieved a complete hematologic response and 45 patients (90%) achieved a major cytogenetic response, complete in 36 patients (72%). Compared with similar patients who received interferon-alpha with or without hydroxyurea or other interferon-alpha combination regimens, those receiving imatinib mesylate had higher incidences of complete and major (Ph < 35%) cytogenetic responses at 3 months (34% and 74% versus 1%-4% and 9%-24%, respectively), 6 months (52% and 80% versus 3%-7% and 11%-28%, respectively), and 9 months (60% and 77% versus 5%-11% and 14%-30%, respectively; P <.001). Competitive quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) studies at 9 months showed a median QPCR value (ratio of BCR-ABL/ABL transcripts x 100) of 0.59% overall and of 0.24% (range, 0.001%-29.5%) for complete cytogenetic response.Blood 01/2003; 101(1):97-100. · 9.06 Impact Factor