Reversible infliximab-related lymphoproliferative disorder associated with Epstein-Barr virus in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis.
ABSTRACT A 63-year-old woman with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) had been treated with methotrexate and prednisolone. She developed cervical lymph node swelling 30 months after the initiation of infliximab therapy. A computed tomography revealed cervical and mediastinal lymph node swelling and multiple nodules (up to 13 mm in diameter) in the lungs. A lymph node biopsy showed infiltration of numerous Hodgkin-like and Reed-Sternberg-like cells. Immunohistological studies showed that these cells were positive for CD15, CD30, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein. In site hybridization revealed the presence of EBV RNA in the nuclei of these cells. EBV DNA was detected in the biopsy specimen by southern blot analysis. She was diagnosed as having EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD). Immunodeficiency-associated LPD related with infliximab therapy was considered. Cessation of infliximab therapy only led to dramatic regression of LPD. This case illustrates that EBV-associated LPDs can occur as part of infliximab adverse effects in patients with RA.
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ABSTRACT: Biologics such as antitumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) drugs have emerged as important agents in the treatment of many chronic inflammatory diseases, especially in cases refractory to conventional treatment modalities. However, opportunistic infections have become a major safety concern in patients on anti-TNF therapy, and physicians who utilize these agents must understand the increased risks of infection. A literature review of the published data on the risk of bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections associated with anti-TNF therapy was performed and the clinical presentation, diagnostic tests, management, and prevention of opportunistic infections in patients receiving anti-TNF therapy were reviewed. Awareness of the therapeutic potential and associated adverse events is necessary for maximizing therapeutic benefits while minimizing adverse effects from anti-TNF treatments. Patients should be adequately vaccinated when possible and closely monitored for early signs of infection. When serious infections occur, withdrawal of anti-TNF therapy may be necessary until the infection has been identified and properly treated.Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety 01/2013; 5:79-99.
- Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 02/2013; · 5.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) may involve intrathoracic organs in patients with autoimmune disease, but little is known about the radiologic manifestations of autoimmune disease-associated LPDs (ALPDs) of the lungs. The purpose of our work was to identify the radiologic characteristics of pulmonary involvement in ALPDs. A comprehensive search for PubMed database was conducted with the combination of MeSH words. All articles which had original images or description on radiologic findings were included in this analysis. Also, CT images of eight patients with biopsy-proven lymphoproliferative disorder observed from our institution were added. Overall, 44 cases of ALPD were identified, and consisted of 24 cases of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (BALToma), eight cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), six cases of lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (LIP), two cases of nodular lymphoid hyperplasia, two cases of unclassified lymphoproliferative disorder, and one case each of lymphomatoid granulomatosis and hyperblastic BALT. Multiple nodules (n = 14, 32 %) and single mass (n = 8, 18 %) were the predominant radiologic manifestations. The imaging findings conformed to previously described findings of BALToma, NHL, or LIP. Data suggest that BALToma, NHL, and LIP are the predominant ALPDs of the lung, and ALPD generally shared common radiologic features with sporadic LPDs. Familiarity with ALPDs and their imaging findings may enable radiologists or clinicians to include the disease as a potential differential diagnosis and thus, to prompt early biopsy followed by appropriate treatment.Clinical Rheumatology 06/2013; · 2.04 Impact Factor