Lornoxicam protects mouse cornea from UVB-induced damage via inhibition of NF-{kappa}B activation.

Department of Ophthalmology, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine of Nanjing University, 305 East Zhongshan Road, Nanjing 210002, People's Republic of China.
The British journal of ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 2.92). 05/2008; 92(4):562-8. DOI: 10.1136/bjo.2007.129064
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation activates nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) and cyclo-oxygenase (COX). The COX inhibitors are protective against UVB-induced skin damage. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of lornoxicam, a potent COX inhibitor, on UVB-induced corneal damage and its mechanism in a mouse model.
Eighty female ICR mice were randomly divided into four groups. Corneal damage was graded based on the degree of haze. NF-kappaB activation in the cornea was examined using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) 6, 24 and 72 h after irradiation. The histopathological changes in cornea were examined under the transmission electronic microscope at 24 h up to 7 days following irradiation.
UVB irradiation (1.2 J/cm(2)) induced a significant and sustained increase in the NF-kappaB-DNA binding activity and TNF-alpha production in the cornea, with the peak at 24 h. Apparent stromal oedema and corneal opacity as well as severe histopathological damage including epithelial exfoliation, keratocyte loss and endothelial oedema were observed after irradiation. Treatment with lornoxicam (0.4 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) significantly lowered the grade of corneal opacity and remarkably ameliorated the ultrastructural damage induced by irradiation. Lornoxicam treatment significantly suppressed UVB-induced increases in NF-kappaB-DNA binding and TNF-alpha expression.
Lornoxicam treatment attenuates UVB-induced corneal damage via inhibition of NF-kappaB activation.

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