Delivery of tumor-antigen-encoding mRNA into dendritic cells for vaccination.
ABSTRACT Antigen-loaded dendritic cells (DCs) have been intensively investigated as potential cellular antitumor vaccines. Several recent reports have indicated that loading DCs with whole tumor derived mRNA or defined tumor-antigen-encoding mRNA represents an effective nonviral strategy to stimulate T cell responses both for in vitro and in vivo models. Here, we describe the electroporation method as a tool for introducing in vitro transcribed capped mRNA into human DCs for tumor vaccination. We use MART-1/Melan-A as a model tumor-associated antigen for the generation of a DC-based vaccine against melanoma cancer. In addition to efficient antigen loading, it is important to obtain a maximal number of potent antigen-presenting cells. Another prerequisite for the development of a DC-based cancer vaccine is to obtain mature DCs. In this chapter, we describe the basic techniques required for the successful genetic modification of DCs by using the mRNA electroporation method.