Isolation of human adipose-derived stem cells from biopsies and liposuction specimens.
ABSTRACT Adipose tissue has proven to serve as an abundant, accessible, and rich source of adult stem cells with multipotent properties suitable for tissue engineering and regenerative medical applications. Here, we describe a detailed method for the isolation and expansion of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). We present a large scale procedure suitable for processing >100 mL volumes of lipoaspirate tissue specimens and a small scale procedure suitable for processing adipose tissue biopsy specimens of < 0.5 g. Although we have focused on the isolation of ASCs from human adipose tissue, the procedure can be applied to adipose tissues from other species with minimal modifications.
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ABSTRACT: Adipose tissue is as an abundant and accessible source of stem cells with multipotent properties suitable for tissue engineering and regenerative medical applications. Here, we describe methods from our own laboratory and the literature for the isolation and expansion of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). We present a large-scale procedure suitable for processing >100-ml volumes of lipoaspirate tissue specimens by collagenase digestion and a related procedure suitable for processing adipose tissue aspirates without digestion.Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2011; 702:17-27.
Article: Proteome of human subcutaneous adipose tissue stromal vascular fraction cells versus mature adipocytes based on DIGE.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Adipose tissue contains a heterogeneous population of mature adipocytes, endothelial cells, immune cells, pericytes, and preadipocytic stromal/stem cells. To date, a majority of proteomic analyses have focused on intact adipose tissue or isolated adipose stromal/stem cells in vitro. In this study, human subcutaneous adipose tissue from multiple depots (arm and abdomen) obtained from female donors was separated into populations of stromal vascular fraction cells and mature adipocytes. Out of 960 features detected by 2-D gel electrophoresis, a total of 200 features displayed a 2-fold up- or down-regulation relative to each cell population. The protein identity of 136 features was determined. Immunoblot analyses comparing SVF relative to adipocytes confirmed that carbonic anhydrase II was up-regulated in both adipose depots while catalase was up-regulated in the arm only. Bioinformatic analyses of the data set determined that cytoskeletal, glycogenic, glycolytic, lipid metabolic, and oxidative stress related pathways were highly represented as differentially regulated between the mature adipocytes and stromal vascular fraction cells. These findings extend previous reports in the literature with respect to the adipose tissue proteome and the consequences of adipogenesis. The proteins identified may have value as biomarkers for monitoring the physiology and pathology of cell populations within subcutaneous adipose depots.Journal of Proteome Research 01/2011; 10(4):1519-27. · 5.11 Impact Factor
Article: The secretome of stem cells isolated from the adipose tissue and Wharton jelly acts differently on central nervous system derived cell populations.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: It is hypothesized that administration of stromal/stem cells isolated from the adipose tissue (ASCs) and umbilical cord (HUCPVCs) can ameliorate the injured central nervous system (CNS). It is still not clear, however, whether they have similar or opposite effects on primary cultures of neuronal populations. The objective of the present work was to determine if ASCs and HUCPVCs preferentially act, or not, on specific cell populations within the CNS. Primary cultures of hippocampal neurons were exposed to ASCs and HUCPVCs conditioned media (CM) (obtained 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours after three days of culture) for one week. Cell viability experiments (MTS (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2(4-sulfophenyl)-2H tetrazolium) test) revealed that CM obtained from both cell populations at all time points did not cause any deleterious effects on neuronal cells. In fact, it was determined that whenever the ASCs CM were supplemented with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and B27, there was a significant increase in the metabolic viability and neuronal cell density of the cultures. On the other hand, in the absence of CM supplementation, it was the HUCPVCs secretome that had the highest impact on the metabolic viability and cell density. In an attempt to unveil which factors could be involved in the observed effects, a screening for the presence of bFGF, nerve growth factor (NGF), stem cell factor (SCF), hepatocyte growth factors (HGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the CM was performed. Results revealed the presence of all these factors in ASCs CM, except bFGF; in contrast, in HUCPVCs CM it was only possible to detect robust NGF expression. Overall, the results confirm important differences on the secretome of ASCs and HUCPVCs, which lead to distinct effects on the metabolic viability and neuronal cell densities in primary cultures of hippocampal neurons; however, the factor(s) that promote the stronger effect of the HUCPVCs CM in neuronal survival is(are) still to be identified.Stem Cell Research & Therapy 05/2012; 3(3):18. · 3.21 Impact Factor