Transthyretin amyloid goiter in a renal allograft recipient.
ABSTRACT Amyloid deposition in the follicular, perifollicular blood vessels, and thyroid stroma can occur in systemic forms of amyloidosis, although diffuse enlargement of the thyroid is generally not present. Marked, widespread enlargement of the thyroid gland with amyloid deposits or amyloid goiter is a rare condition reported in association with primary and secondary amyloidosis but has not been described in association with transthyretin amyloid deposition. Senile transthyretin amyloidosis is primarily associated with amyloid deposits in the heart, while the familial forms of amyloidosis due to transthyretin gene mutations are associated with deposits of amyloid in multiple tissues, classically giving rise to polyneuropathy. In this report, we describe the findings of parathyroid and lymph node amyloid deposits and amyloid goiter with transthyretin reactivity in a recipient of a kidney allograft, reportedly for renal amyloidosis, initially assumed clinically to be due to inflammatory bowel disease-related secondary amyloid deposition. This case underscores the importance of routine immunohistochemical classification of amyloid deposits for accurate diagnosis and to guide clinical management decisions.
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ABSTRACT: When present in thyroid, amyloid is an attribute almost always restricted to medullary thyroid carcinoma. Scant studies in the literature have demonstrated this finding in other thyroid pathologies as papillary thyroid carcinoma, amyloid goiter, and other benign entities. From our experience in thyroid pathology, we analyzed cases on which the stroma contained deposits of amorphous, acellular, and eosinophilic material characteristic of amyloid. Congo red stain on suspicious cases was performed; clinicopathologic investigation was done when results were positive. Seven patients with amyloid infiltration in the thyroid, in association with papillary thyroid carcinoma, and in 4 cases of benign pathologies were found in our own review. The association of amyloid and thyroid is discussed herein, including cases of systemic amyloidosis, malignancies, benign diseases, and thyroid goiter, from our practice and from the available literature.Advances in anatomic pathology 01/2013; 20(1):61-7. DOI:10.1097/PAP.0b013e31827b6519 · 3.10 Impact Factor