Should binge eating disorder be included in the DSM-V? A critical review of the state of the evidence.
ABSTRACT Binge eating disorder (BED) was introduced in 1994 as a provisional eating disorder diagnosis. The core symptom is recurrent binge eating in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors and/or extreme dietary restraint. This review examines the status of the literature on BED according to five criteria that have been proposed to determine whether BED warrants inclusion in the psychiatric nosology as a distinct eating disorder. We conclude that each of these criteria was met. There is a commonly accepted definition of and assessment approach to BED. The clinical utility and validity of BED have been established, and BED is distinguishable from both bulimia nervosa and obesity. BED should be included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
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ABSTRACT: This study investigated cardiovascular functioning, mood, and eating-related psychological factors at rest and in response to mental stress in three groups of women: 1) Obese women with Binge Eating Disorder (BED; n=9); 2) Obese non-BED women (n=15); and 3) Normal weight (NW) non-BED women (n=15). Compared to both obese and NW non-BED women, obese women with BED showed heightened overall blood pressure and reported greater depression symptoms, perceived stress, and eating-related psychopathology. Additionally, obese women with BED reported greater overall negative affect and state anxiety compared to obese non-BED women. The heart rate response to stress was blunted in the obese BED group compared to the other groups, but this effect was no longer significant after controlling for baseline differences in depression. Correlational analyses revealed a positive association between stress-induced changes in hunger and cardiovascular measures only in obese women with BED. Longitudinal studies are needed to determine if stress dysregulation and stress-induced increases in hunger contribute to the onset and/or maintenance of BED. In particular, studies utilizing an additional NW BED control group are warranted in order to further examine the impact of BED above and beyond the impact of obesity on psychophysiological functioning and to inform the growing literature regarding stress-related factors that distinguish the BED and obesity phenotypes. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.Physiology & Behavior 01/2015; 142. DOI:10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.01.018 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study examines predictors of short-term treatment outcome for obese individuals with binge eating disorder (BED). A battery of assessment questionnaires was given to 212 patients on admission of a CBT day-treatment program for BED. Treatment outcome assessed by changes in eating disorder symptomatology was measured in 182 completers. Linear regression analyses indicated that a combination of variables at baseline predicted 26% of the variance in treatment outcome. High social embedding and higher scores on openness (NEO-PI-R) were significantly related to more improvement after treatment. Higher scores on depressive symptoms (BDI), agoraphobia (SCL-90) and extraversion (NEO-PI-R) were significantly related to less improvement. The analyses show that the level of social embedding and psychopathological comorbidity (state and trait) are predictors for treatment outcome. This study confirms the notion that social context and comorbidity need to be taken into account as described in treatment guidelines of NICE and APA for BED.Eating disorders 07/2012; 20(4):276-87. DOI:10.1080/10640266.2012.689207
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ABSTRACT: Recent behavioral genetic studies have emphasized the importance of investigating eating disorders at the level of individual symptoms, rather than as overall diagnoses. We examined the heritability of binge eating disorder (BED) using an item-factor analytic approach, which estimates contributions of additive genetic (A), common environmental (C), and unique environmental (E) influences on liability to BED as well as individual symptoms. Participants were 614 monozygotic and 410 dizygotic same-sex female twins from the Mid-Atlantic Twin Registry who completed a self-report measure of BED symptoms based upon DSM-IV criteria. Genetic and environmental contributions to BED liability were assessed at the diagnostic and symptom levels, using an item-factor approach. Liability to BED was moderately heritable; 45% of the variance was due to A, with smaller proportions due to C (13%), and E (42%). Additive genetic effects accounted for 29-43% of the variance in individual items, while only 8-14% was due to C. Results highlight the relevance of examining eating disorders at the symptom level, rather than focusing on aggregate diagnoses.Psychological Medicine 11/2010; 40(11):1899-906. DOI:10.1017/S0033291710000139 · 5.43 Impact Factor