Commercially available gas-permeable cell culture bags may not prevent anoxia in cultured or shipped islets.
ABSTRACT Prolonged anoxia has deleterious effects on islets. Gas-permeable cell culture devices can be used to minimize anoxia during islet culture and especially during shipment when elimination of gas-liquid interfaces is required to prevent the formation of damaging gas bubbles. Gas-permeable bags may have several drawbacks, such as propensity for puncture and contamination, difficult islet retrieval, and significantly lower oxygen permeability than silicone rubber membranes (SRM). We hypothesized that oxygen permeability of bags may be insufficient for islet oxygenation. We measured oxygen transmission rates through the membrane walls of three different types of commercially available bags and through SRM currently used for islet shipment. We found that the bag membranes have oxygen transmission rates per unit area about 100-fold lower than SRM. We solved the oxygen diffusion-reaction equation for 150-microm diameter islets seeded at 3000 islet equivalents per cm2, a density adequate to culture and ship an entire human or porcine islet preparation in a single gas-permeable device, predicting that about 40% of the islet volume would be anoxic at 22 degrees C and about 70% would be anoxic at 37 degrees C. Islets of larger size or islets accumulated during shipment would be even more anoxic. The model predicted no anoxia in islets similarly seeded in devices with SRM bottoms. We concluded that commercially available bags may not prevent anoxia during islet culture or shipment; devices with SRM bottoms are more suitable alternatives.
Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/2006; 578:263-8. · 1.09 Impact Factor
Article: Relevance of lactate dehydrogenase activity to the control of oxidative glycolysis in pancreatic islet B-cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The activities of hexokinase isoenzymes, lactate dehydrogenase, cytosolic NAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial FAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, and glutamate dehydrogenase were measured in homogenates of rat purified pancreatic B and non-B islet cells. In B cell homogenates, the maximal activity of hexokinase and glucokinase was one to two orders of magnitude lower than that of lactate dehydrogenase. The activity of the mitochondrial FAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase was also much lower than that of the cytosolic NAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase . A comparable hierarchy in the activity of these enzymes was observed in non-B islet cells. These findings reinforce the view that the preferential stimulation of oxidative glycolysis observed in insulin-producing cells, when exposed to high concentrations of D-glucose, is attributable to a Ca2+-induced activation of the mitochondrial FAD-linked glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, rather than to saturation of the catalytic activity of lactate dehydrogenase.Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 04/1996; 327(2):260-4. · 2.93 Impact Factor