KLF4 is a FOXO target gene that suppresses B cell proliferation.
ABSTRACT Lymphocytes circulate in a quiescent (G(0)) state until they encounter specific antigens. In T cells, quiescence is programmed by transcription factors of the forkhead box O (FOXO) and Krüppel-like factor (KLF) families. However, the transcription factors that regulate B cell quiescence are not known. KLF4 is a candidate tumor suppressor gene in B lymphocytes, and thus a likely candidate for regulating B cell homeostasis. Here, we show that RNA and protein expression of murine KLF4 decreases following B cell activation. Forced expression of KLF4 in proliferating B cell blasts causes a G(1) cell cycle arrest. This effect requires the DNA binding and transactivation domains of KLF4 and correlates with changes in the expression of known KLF target genes. We present evidence that Klf4 is a target gene for FOXO transcription factors, which also suppress B cell proliferation. To determine the effect of KLF4 loss-of-function, we generated mice with B cell-specific deletion of the Klf4 gene. These mice exhibited normal B cell development and function with no evidence of a lowered activation threshold. Collectively, our findings indicate that KLF4 has growth-suppressive properties in B cells but might be redundant with other members of the KLF family in maintaining B cell quiescence.
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ABSTRACT: The transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) can activate or repress gene expression in a cell-context dependent manner. We have previously shown that KLF4 inhibits the proliferation of naïve CD8(+) T cells in vitro downstream of the transcription factor ELF4. In this work, we describe a novel role of KLF4 in the differentiation of CD8(+) T cells upon infection. Loss of KLF4 had minimal effect on thymic T cell development and distribution of mature T cells in the spleen, blood, and lymph nodes. KLF4-deficient naïve CD8(+) T cells also displayed normal homeostatic proliferation upon adoptive transfer into lymphopenic hosts. However, activation of KLF4-deficient naïve CD8(+) T cells by in vitro TCR crosslink and co-stimulation resulted in increased proliferation. Furthermore, naïve KLF4-deficient OT-I CD8(+) T cells generated increased numbers of functional memory CD8(+) T cells compared to wild type OT-I CD8(+) T cells co-injected in the same recipient in both primary and recall responses to Listeria monocytogenes-OVA. Collectively, our data demonstrate that KLF4 regulates differentiation of functional memory CD8(+) T cells while sparing development and homeostasis of naïve CD8(+) T cells.Immunology letters 09/2013; 156(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.imlet.2013.09.008 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Genes with altered DNA methylation can be used as biomarkers for cancer detection and assessment of prognosis. Here we analyzed the methylation status of a colorectal cancer biomarker panel (CNRIP1, FBN1, INA, MAL, SNCA, and SPG20) in 97 cancer cell lines, derived from 17 different cancer types. Interestingly, the genes were frequently methylated also in hematological cancer types and were therefore subjected to analyses in primary tumor samples from the major types of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and in healthy controls. In total, the genes CNRIP1, FBN1, INA, MAL, SNCA, and SPG20 were methylated in 53%, 23%, 52%, 69%, 97%, and 92% of the tumor samples, respectively, and were unmethylated in all healthy controls. With the exception of a single tumor sample, a correct prediction of lymphoma or normal sample was made in a blinded analysis of the validation series using a combination of SNCA and SPG20. The combined ROC-curve analysis of these genes resulted in an area under the curve of 0.999 (P = 4.2 × 10(-18)), and a sensitivity and specificity of 98% and 100%, respectively, across the test and validation series. Interestingly, the promoter methylation of CNRIP1 was associated with decreased overall survival in DLBCL (P = 0.03). In conclusion, our results demonstrate that SNCA and SPG20 methylation might be suitable for early detection and monitoring of NHL. Furthermore, CNRIP1 could potentially be used as a prognostic factor in DLBCL.Epigenetics: official journal of the DNA Methylation Society 12/2013; 9(3). DOI:10.4161/epi.27554 · 5.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The HECT ubiquitin E3 ligase WWP-1 is a positive regulator of lifespan in response to dietary restriction (DR) in Caenorhabditis elegans. However, substrates of WWP-1 for ubiquitylation in the DR pathway have not yet been identified. Here we identify the C. elegans Krüppel-like factor, KLF-1, as an essential and specific regulator of DR-induced longevity and a substrate for ubiquitylation by WWP-1. Knockdown of klf-1 suppresses the extended lifespan of both DR animals and wwp-1-overexpressing animals, indicating that KLF-1 functions within the same pathway as WWP-1. In addition, overexpression of klf-1 in the intestine is sufficient to extend the lifespan of WT animals on an ad libitum diet, and requires wwp-1 or pha-4/FoxA. We demonstrate that WWP-1 directly interacts with KLF-1 and mediates multiple monoubiquitylation of KLF-1 in vitro and in cellulo. Our data support a model in which modulation of KLF-1 by WWP-1 regulates diet-restriction-induced longevity.Nature Communications 05/2014; 5:3772. DOI:10.1038/ncomms4772 · 10.74 Impact Factor