S-allylcysteine ameliorates ischemia and reperfusion induced renal damage.
ABSTRACT The effect of the garlic-derived antioxidant S-allylcysteine (SAC) on renal injury and oxidative stress induced by ischemia and reperfusion (IR) was studied in this work. Rats were anesthetized and subjected to right nephrectomy; 15 min later ischemia was induced for a period of 40 min and then the rats were subjected to a reperfusion period of 6 h after which they were killed to obtain blood and the left kidney. SAC was given at a dose of 100 mg/kg 30 min before nephrectomy, 15 min before ischemia, immediately before reperfusion and 2 h after reperfusion. IR-induced renal injury was evident by the increase in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine as well as by the renal structural damage which was assessed by histological analysis. IR-induced oxidative stress was evident by the increase in immunostaining with 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE). SAC treatment was able to ameliorate the increase in BUN and serum creatinine and to decrease the structural damage. This protective effect was associated with a decrease in the immunostaining for 4-HNE. It is concluded that the antioxidant properties of SAC are involved in its protective effect on renal ischemia and reperfusion injury.
Article: Lipid peroxidation, mitochondrial dysfunction and neurochemical and behavioural deficits in different neurotoxic models: protective role of S-allylcysteine.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Experimental evidence on the protective properties of S-allylcysteine (SAC) was collected from three models exerting striatal toxicity. In the first model, SAC (120 mg kg(-1)x5) prevented lipoperoxidation (LP) and mitochondrial dysfunction (MD) in synaptosomal fractions from 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropiridinium-treated mice (30 mg kg(-1)), but without complete restoration of dopamine levels. In the second model, SAC (300 mg kg(-1)x 3), prevented LP and MD in synaptosomes from rats infused with 6-hydroxydopamine (8 microg microl(-1)) into the substantia nigra pars compacta, but again, without total reversion of depleted dopamine levels. In the third model, SAC (100 mg kg(-1)x 1) prevented MD in synaptosomes from rats injected with 3-nitropropionic acid (10 mg kg(-1)), but in contrast to the other models, it failed to prevent LP. SAC also prevented the aberrant motor activity patterns evoked by the three toxins. Altogether, the results suggest that the antioxidant properties of SAC are responsible for partial or total preservation of neurochemical, biochemical and behavioural markers, indicating that pro-oxidant reactions underlie the neurotoxicity in these models.Free radical research 11/2008; 42(10):892-902. · 2.22 Impact Factor