Tests of linkage and association of the COL1A2 gene with bone phenotypes' variation in Chinese nuclear families.
ABSTRACT In the present study, we simultaneously test linkage and/or association of the collagen type I alpha 2 (COL1A2) gene with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone area. A total of 1280 subjects from 407 Chinese nuclear families (including both parents and their daughters) were genotyped for an intragenic marker MspI in the COL1A2 gene. BMD and bone area at the lumbar spine and hip were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Applying the QTDT (quantitative transmission disequilibrium test) program, we performed tests for population stratification, within-family association (via transmission disequilibrium test), total association, linkage, and linkage while modeling association. Significant or marginal within-family associations were found with BMD at the lumbar spine (P = 0.013), trochanter (P = 0.004), and total hip (P = 0.053) and with bone area at the intertrochanteric region (P = 0.024) and total hip (P = 0.048). The positive associations were confirmed in permutations except for bone area at total hip (P > 0.10). A small proportion (<1%) of the population variance of bone phenotypes can be explained by the MspI polymorphism; however, it may be underestimated given the significant population stratification detected in our sample. Due to the limited number of sib pairs in this sample, we did not find evidence of linkage. In summary, the MspI polymorphism is likely to be in linkage disequilibrium with a nearby functional mutation affecting BMD and bone area.
Article: Genetic and environmental correlations between bone mineral density and bone size in Caucasians.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To explore the magnitude of common genetic and environmental effects shared by bone mineral density (BMD) and bone size (BS) in a large sample of 4,489 subjects (2,667 females and 1,822 males) from 582 Caucasian pedigrees, we performed a bivariate variance decomposition analysis to evaluate genetic correlation (rhoG), environmental correlation (rhoE), and phenotypic correlation (rhoP) between BMD and BS at the spine and hip, as well as their "synthesized" skeletal site (bone mineral density principal component, bone size principal component) generated by principal components analysis. Significant rhoG, rhoE, and rhoP were detected, but the shared genetic influence on BMD and BS was only 21%, 1.3%, and 11.6% at the spine, hip, and their joint variable, respectively. The results suggest that it may be important to choose both BMD and BS, especially at the hip, as surrogate phenotypes for osteoporosis genetic studies in Caucasians.Human Biology 03/2007; 79(1):15-24. · 1.31 Impact Factor
Article: Association between myostatin gene polymorphisms and peak BMD variation in Chinese nuclear families.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We identified 17 polymorphisms in myostatin by sequencing, and three informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected for further observation for their association with peak BMD of women in 401 Chinese nuclear families. Our results suggest that genetic polymorphisms in myostatin likely play a role in attainment of peak BMD in Chinese women. Myostatin is a TGF-beta family member that is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. We identified SNPs in myostatin by direct sequencing. Furthermore, using a quantitative transmission disequilibrium test (QTDT). we tested and further test whether SNPs were associated with peak bone mineral density (BMD) variation at the spines and hips of 401 Chinese nuclear families. We identified 17 polymorphisms in myostatin by sequencing. Next, we selected three informative SNPs for further observation of an association with peak BMD of premenopausal women in 401 Chinese nuclear families. Using QTDT for the within-family association, we found significant association between rs2293284 and total hip, femoral neck, and trochanter BMD (all p < 0.05), while rs7570532 was associated with total hip and trochanter BMD (p = 0.034 and p = 0.035, respectively). The within-family association was significant between BMI and +2278G > A (p = 0.022). Subsequent permutations were in agreement with these significant within-family association results. Moreover, analyses of the haplotypes confer further evidence for association of rs2293284 and rs7570532 with hip peak BMD variation. These results suggest, for the first time, the genetic polymorphisms in myostatin likely play a role in attainment of peak BMD in Chinese women.Osteoporosis International 01/2008; 19(1):39-47. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review summarizes comprehensively the most important and representative molecular genetics studies of gene identification for osteoporosis published up to the end of December 2004. It is intended to constitute a sequential update of our previously published review covering the available data up to the end of 2002. Evidence from candidate gene association studies and genome-wide linkage studies in humans, as well as quantitative trait locus mapping animal models are reviewed separately. Studies of transgenic and knockout mice models relevant to osteoporosis are summarized. An important extension of this update is incorporation of functional genomic studies (including DNA microarrays and proteomics) on osteogenesis and osteoporosis, in light of the rapid advances and the promising prospects of the field. Comments are made on the most notable findings and representative studies for their potential influence and implications on our present understanding of genetics of osteoporosis. The format adopted by this review should be ideal for accommodating future new advances and studies.Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 11/2006; 21(10):1511-35. · 6.37 Impact Factor