Article

Obesity-related changes in high-density lipoprotein metabolism.

Department of Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida, USA.
Obesity (Impact Factor: 4.39). 07/2008; 16(6):1152-60. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2008.202
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Obesity is associated with a 3-or-more-fold increase in the risk of fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction (1,2,3,4,5,6). The American Heart Association has reclassified obesity as a major, modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease (7). The increased prevalence of premature coronary heart disease in obesity is attributed to multiple factors (8,9,10). A principal contributor to this serious morbidity is the alterations in plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels. The dyslipidemia of obesity is commonly manifested as high plasma triglyceride levels, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), and normal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) with preponderance of small dense LDL particles (7,8,9,10). However, there is a considerable heterogeneity of plasma lipid profile in overweight and obese people. The precise cause of this heterogeneity is not entirely clear but has been partly attributed to the degree of visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. The emergence of glucose intolerance or a genetic predisposition to familial combined hyperlipidemia will further modify the plasma lipid phenotype in obese people (11,12,13,14,15).

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